Baringo County

Baringo County, nicknamed “County Number 1” is truly the land of a thousand views located in the ululating hills of the expanded Rift Valley with vast terrains of valleys and escarpments. It prides itself as the only county to have produced the longest serving and the 2nd President of Kenya H.E the Former President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi. It is in the heart of the former Rift Valley Province with 6 Constituencies including, Baringo Central, Baringo South, Eldama Ravine, Mogotio, Tiaty and Baringo North. Kabarnet is the administrative capital of the county.

Baringo County is located in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya, it borders the following Counties; Turkana to the North and North East, Samburu and Laikipia to the East, Nakuru to the South, Kericho and Uasin Gishu to the South West, Elgeyo Marakwet to the West, and West Pokot to the North West.

  • Area (Km2): 11,015 Km 2
  • Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 35.0 °C in different parts of the county.
  • The rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500mm in the highlands to 600mm per annum in the lowlands.
  • Road Network: Bitumen Surface (269.0 Km), Gravel Surface (387.4 Km), Earth Surface (1,517.3 Km).
  • Key National Monument(s): Lake Bogoria’s Geysers and Hotsprings, The Equator Crossing at Mogotio.

The major topographical features in the county are river valleys and plains, the Tugen Hills, the floor of the Rift Valley and the northern plateau. One of the prominent river valleys is the Kerio valley. It is situated in the Western part of the county and is a fair flat plain. In the eastern part of the county near lakes Baringo and Bogoria is the Loboi plain covered mainly by the lacustrine salt-impregnated silt deposits.

The Tugen Hills in the southwestern part of the county form a conspicuous topographical feature in the county. The altitude varies from 1000m to 2600m above sea level.

The hills occur in a north-south direction and mainly consist of volcanic rocks. The hills have steep slopes dissected by gullies. On the eastern and western parts of the hills there are escarpments and rivers flowing down these hills pass through very deep gorges.

County Assembly Wards in Baringo County

Constituency – Wards
Tiaty:  Tirioko Kolowa Ribkwo Silale Loiyamorok Tangulbei/Korossi Churo/Amaya
Baringo North: Barwessa Kabartonjo Saimo/Kipsaraman Saimo/Soi Bartabwa
Baringo Central: Kabarnet Sacho Tenges Kapropita
Baringo South: Mukutani Marigat Ilchamus Mochongoi
Mogotio: Mogotio Emining Kisanana
Eldama Ravine: Lembus Lembus Kwen Ravine Mumberes/Maji Mazuri Lembus/Perkerra Koibatek

Tourism and Wildlife in Baringo County

The region has picturesque landscapes that include among others;

  1. Waterfalls: – Torok and Kessup in Keiyo county, Arror and Embobut in Marakwet county.
  2. Cliffs: – Rondinin (Simut) and Kipngochoch in Baringo county and Kamriny in Keiyo county.
  3. Valleys: – The great rift valley (Kerio valley and Suguta valley)
  4. Hills/Escapement: – Cherangany hills in Marakwet and West Pokot county, Elgeyo Escapement in Keiyo county, Seker hills in Westpokot county, Tugen hills in Baringo county and Mogila hills in Turkana county.
  5. Gorges: – Turkwel gorge in West Pokot county and Chebloch in Baringo and Keiyo countys border.

Wildlife in Baringo County
The region is home to wide rage of wildlife which is a major tourism attraction. The main reserves and sanctuaries are lakes Bogoria, Baringo, Kapnarok, Nasolot, Saiwa swamp, Rimon and lake Turkana. The main type of wildlife includes Elephants, Buffaloes, Crocodile, Hippos and various birds. These are fond in national parks and reserves.

The game reserves and other attraction are popular both to local people and foreigners. Average numbers of annual visitors to game reserves in atypical year are averagely appreciating annually

Other attractions in Baringo County

Besides the above mentioned attractions there are other attractions like:

1. Lakes

The region has three natural lakes namely: – Turkana, Baringo and Bogoria. Water sports such as boat and canoe tours have been introduced in Lakes Turkana and Baringo and attract non-residents tourists.

Lake Bogoria in Baringo County is a popular tourist attraction site due to its active geyser. The geysers produce stream reach in sulphur compounds, which are believed to be medicinal. In the same area are not – which have been harnessed by the local noted industry.

Lake Baringo is, after Lake Turkana, the most northern of the Great Rift Valley lakes of Kenya, with a surface area of about 130 sq km. The lake is fed by two rivers, El Molo and Ol Arabel and has no obvious outlet, despite this it being one of the two freshwater lakes in the Rift Valley in Kenya, the other being Lake Naivasha. It lies off the beaten track in a hot and dusty setting and over 470 species of birds have been recorded there, occasionally including migrating flamingos.

The area is little affected by tourism and is situated at the southern end of a region of Kenya inhabited largely by pastoralist ethnic groups including Chamus, Rendille, Turkana and Kalenjin.

Fish stocks in the lake are now low and water levels have been reduced by droughts and over-irrigation. The lake has several small islands, by far the largest being Ol Kokwe Island. The main town on its shore is Loruk, while smaller settlements include Kampi ya Samaki.

2. Museum
Artifacts depicting the cultural history of the regions communities have been collected and are played in museums. Visitors to museums are over 2000 annually. These museums are strategically located along the northwestern tourist circuit.

3. Ruko conservancy

Ruko Conservancy is a 19,000 hectare area to the North and East of Lake Baringo, consisting of bushland and about 10 kms of shoreline.

Social Cultural Practices in Baringo County

800Baringo is a melting pot of cultures. The many communities including the Pokot, Ilchamus, Tugen and a host of other Kenyan communities that have found a home in Baringo County is what makes Baringo the ideal definition of social and cultural diversity.

Economic Activities in Baringo County

AgricultureThe major farming activities include dairy farming and growing of maize, groundnuts, cotton and coffee. The remainder of the county is mainly rangelands with the rearing of goats, sheep, cattle and camels and bee keeping forming the major livestock activities.

The mean annual maximum temperature in the county ranges between 250 and 300 Celsius in the southern part. In the northern part, the temperature is about 300 and occasionally rises to over 350 Celsius. The hottest months are from January to March. The mean annual minimum temperature varies from 160 to 180 Celsius but can drop to as low as 100 Celsius in the Tugen Hills.

The main factor influencing the variations in temperature is the altitude. In the highlands of the Tugen Hills with an altitude of 2600mm, the temperatures are much lower than in the lowlands of Marigat, Kerio Valley and Nginyang where the altitude ranges between 762 and 1000m above sea level.

Education in Baringo County

Kabarnet High SchoolBaringo County has 349 Primary Schools, 34 Secondary Schools and 6 Tertiary training institutions (colleges, Polytechnics etc).
Enrolment of girls in Primary Schools is higher than that of boys while in secondary schools is lower than that of boys. The primary school going age population is growing fairly rapidly. The population of this age group was 80,230 in year 2009. The county will therefore need to invest in the provision of education facilities to cater for the increasing demand bearing in mind that the gross enrollment rate is 90%.

For the secondary school going age group, the population was estimated at 34,140 by 2009. However the gross enrollment rate is low at 25% which means that the facilities are underutilized either due to high drop out rates or the fact that most students opt to join secondary schools outside the county. Both the primary and secondary school going age constitute 35.9% of the total population

Health in Baringo County

Baringo County has 89 health facilities distributed all over the county. Most of them are under-utilized due to lack of staff and equipment. The average distance to the nearest health centre is 15km.

The most prevalent diseases in the county are Malaria, upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and Pneumonia. Thus programmes of Primary Health Care (PHC); and STI/STD including HIV/AIDS should be put in place.

The causes of infant deaths are due to respiratory diseases, pneumonia, malaria, worms and diarrhoea. In the Valley deaths are mainly due to malaria, while in the Highlands deaths are due to pneumonia and respiratory diseases. Another cause of mortality is the effect of HIV/AIDS leading to orphan-hood; single parents; child headed family, child labour and street children.

HIV/AIDs pandemic is not only a health problem but also a development issue as it encompasses socio-economic and cultural dimensions. As in the rest of the country, prevalence is higher in the Urban than in the rural areas with 90% of the infections being among the people aged between 15-49 years and 5-10% of the infections occurring in children under five years.

Most AIDs deaths are occur between the ages of 25-35 fro men and 20-30 for women which are the most productive age. HIV prevalence varies markedly between regions within the county but all regions are affected and over 40% of hospital beds are occupied by HIV/AIDs patients.

Culture/beliefs is promoting in-faction in salient way in the name of preserving culture. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is also contributing to HIV spread.

Facts About Baringo County

Area (Km 2): 11,015 Km 2

 Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 35.0 °C in different parts of the county.

The rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500mm in the highlands to 600mm per annum in the lowlands.

 Road Network: Bitumen Surface (269.0 Km), Gravel Surface (387.4 Km), Earth Surface (1,517.3 Km)

 Key National Monument(s): Lake Bogoria’s Geysers and Hotsprings, The Equator Crossing at Mogotio

Population Baringo County

Population: 555,561 (Male – 50 %, Female – 50 %)

 Population Density: 50 people per Km 2

 National Percentage:  1.4 %

 Annual Growth Rate: 2.6 %

 Age Distribution: 0-14 years (48.4 %), 15-64 years (48.2 %), 65+ years (3.3 %)

 Number of Households: 110,649

 Government of Baringo County

 County Capital: Kabarnet Town

 Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Baringo East, North, and Central, Mogotio, and Eldama Ravine)

 Registered Voters: 167,748

 National percentage: 1.3 %

 Number of Districts (2009): 2 (Baringo, Koibatek)

 Number of Local Authorities (2010): 4 (Municipal Council of Kabarnet, County Councils of Baringo and Koibatek, and Town Council of Eldama Ravine)

Economy of  Baringo County

Poverty Level: 58.5 %

 Age Dependency Ratio: 100:107

 Resources:  Arable Land, Forests, Wildlife, Seasonal Rivers, Lakes, Geysers and Hotsprings

 Tourist Attractions: Lakes Baringo and Bogoria, Ol Kokwe Island, Ruko Conservancy, Escarpments

 Financial Services:   6 Commercial Banks, 2 Micro-Finance Institutions

 Main Economic Activities/industries: Pastoralism, Agriculture, Mixed Farming, Sand Harvesting

Education in Baringo County

 Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (587) Secondary (103)

 Primary: Enrolment (142,127)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:27 (Public Schools)

 Secondary: Enrolment (18,959)

 Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:27 (Public Schools)

 Tertiary:   At least 12 (Polytechnics, Teacher Training Colleges and Commercial Colleges)

 Adult Literacy Classes: Enrolment (2,506)

 Health   in Baringo County

Health Facilities: 184 – District Hospitals (4), Sub-District Hospitals (1), Dispensaries (156), Health Centres (19), Medical Clinics (2), Others (2)

 Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:57,381 (Baringo District), 1:34,716 (Koibatek District)

 Infant Mortality Rates: Data: 63/1000

 Under Five Mortality Rates: 80/1000

 Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract infections, Worms, Diarrhoea

 Notable Hospitals: Kabarnet, Chemolingot, Eldama Ravine and Kabartonjo Districts Hospitals

Contacts – Baringo County

OFFICE OF THE GOVENOR

Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
KABARNET.
TEL: 053-22290
E-MAIL: governor@baringocounty.go.ke

OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY GOVERNOR

Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
KABARNET.
TEL: 053-22290 or
MOBILE: 0722 490 081
E-MAIL: deputygovernor@baringocounty.go.ke

PUBLIC SERVICE BOARD SECRETARY

Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
KABARNET.
TEL: 053-22290 or
MOBILE:
E-MAIL: psb@baringocounty.go.ke

 

 

 
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