Busia County is located in western Kenya, it borders Lake Victoria to the South West, the Republic of Uganda to the West, North and North East, and the following Counties; Bungoma and Kakamega to the East, and Siaya to the South East and South.
Most parts of Busia County fall within the Lake Victoria Basin. The altitude is undulating and rises from about 1,130m above sea level at the shores of Lake Victoria to a maximum of about 1,500m in the Samia and North Teso Hills. The central part of the county, especially Butula and Nambale Sub-counties, are occupied by a peneplains marked by low flat divides of approximately uniform height, often capped by lateritic and a shallowly incised swampy drainage system.
The Samia Hills represent the basement complex and consist of acid and sub-acid lavas, tuffs, and agglomerates, banded quartzite and iron stones. The Kavirondo series rocks are developed around Busia, Nambale and Butula while the granites dominate the northern parts of county.
The northern part of the central region features granitic out crops, which is essentially part of the peneplains and is characterized by the presence of large granitic hills and tor such as Amukura and Chelelemuk.
The southern part is covered by a range of hills comprising the Samia and Funyula Hills which run from the north east to the south west culminating at Port Victoria; forming a very conspicuous topographic feature.
The southernmost part of the county is covered by the Yala Swamp which is a down warped area associated with the formation of Lake Victoria. The area forms a colony of papyrus growth and is broken by irregular water channels and occasional small dams with grassy islands. This area is covered with locustrine and alluvial deposits of recent and Pleistocene times.
Other rivers that form the drainage system in the county includes Malakisi river to the extreme north, Malaba in the northern entry of the central region and River Sio in Samia and Nambale Sub-counties and river Nzoia that drains into Lake Victoria through Bunyala Subcounty.
Facts About Busia County
Area (Km 2): 1,695 Km 2
Climate/Weather: The average temperature is 22°C and the rainfall amount ranges between 750mm and 1,800mm per annum.
Road Network: Bitumen Surface, Gravel Surface, Earth Surface (Data Not Available)
Key National Monument(s): Kakapel National Monument
Population of Busia County
Population: 743,946 (Male – 48 %, Female – 52 %)
Population Density: 439 people per Km 2
National Percentage: 1.93 %
Annual Growth Rate: 2.9 %
Age Distribution: 0-14 years (47.9 %), 15-64 years (48.4 %), 65+ years (3.7 %)
Number of Households: 154,225
Government of Busia County
County Capital: Busia Town (proposed)
Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Amagoro, Budalangi, Butula, Funyula, Nambale)
Registered Voters: 231,513
National percentage: 1.8 %
Number of Districts (2009): 2 (Busia and Teso)
Number of Local Authorities (2010): 7 (Municipal Council of Busia, County Councils of Busia and Teso, Town Councils of Funyula, Nambale, Port Victoria, and Malaba)
Economy of Busia County
Poverty Level: 66 %
Age Dependency Ratio: 100:107
Resources: Arable Land, Livestock, Water, Pasture, Forests
Tourist Attractions: Kakapel National Monument, Lake Victoria Viewpoint
Financial Services: 8 Commercial Banks, 4 Micro-Finance Institutions
Main Economic Activities/industries: Trade, Agriculture, Tourism, Fishing, Commercial Businesses
Agricultural products: Livestock Products, Maize, Cassava, Millet, Sweet Potatoes, Beans, Rice
Education of Busia County
Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (420), Secondary (90)
Primary: Enrolment (220,101)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:64 (Public Schools)
Secondary: Enrolment (21,794)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:33 (Public Schools)
Tertiary: Over 10 (Comprised of Youth Polytechnics, TTCs, and Several Commercial Colleges)
Adult Literacy Classes: Enrolment (Data Not Available)
Health in Busia County
Health Facilities: 81; District Hospitals (4), Sub-District Hospitals (2), Dispensaries (49), Health Centres (12), Medical Clinics (10), Nursing Homes (3), Others (1)
Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:41,200 (Busia), 1:45,372 (Teso)
Infant Mortality Rates: 75/1000
Under Five Mortality Rates: 111/1000
Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Respiratory Transmitted Infections, Diarrhoea, Digestive System Diseases
Notable Hospitals: Port Victoria, Sio Port, Teso, and Busia Districts Hospitals
Contact Busia County
County Government of Busia
P.O BOX Private Bag
50400 Busia (K)