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Samburu County Government, News, Tenders, Contacts, Website and Map



Samburu County News

Samburu County borders Baringo County to the west, Laikipia County to the south, lsiolo County to the East and Turkana County to the northwest and Marsabit County to the north. Maralal town is its headquarters.  Samburu County is administratively divided into three sub-counties: – Central, East and North.

Samburu County land covers an area of 20,826 Km2 with a total population of 224,000 out of whom 90% are nomadic pastoralists.

The area is inhabited by the Samburu who are the majority and a few Turkana, Somali and rendille ethnic groups whose main economic activity is livestock keeping. They practice a seasonal migratory lifestyle in continuous search of grazing pasture and water for their livestock, which provides them with milk, meat and blood for food as well as serving other socio-economic functions such a paying dowry.

The rainfall pattern in Samburu District is quite erratic and on average receives rainfall ranging from 750mm in the lowlands to 1200mm on the mountain and plateaus making the area not quite suitable for arable farming in the lowlands.

In areas where dry land agriculture is practiced the persistent and severe droughts/famine causes crop failure as well as livestock deaths further compounding the problem causing Samburu county to be ranked among the poorest in Kenya (UNDP 2005).

Geography of Samburu County

Samburu County encompasses an area of roughly 21,000 km2 and is the 10th largest of Kenya’s 47 counties, in terms of size. Its administrative capital is Maralal town. Samburu’s outline forms a triangle with the Ewaso Nyiro River as its base in the south, Lake Turkana at its northernmost tip, the Great Rift Valley as its western edge and the boundary with Marsabit and Isiolo Counties at its eastern side.

The vastness of Samburu Land offers an unrivalled collection of impressive natural landscapes, ranging from volcanoes and deserts in the Suguta Valley, semi-arid grass lands, bush and sand rivers in the Great Plains to ancient mountains with impressive granite features.

Ololokwe, Ol Lenkiyo (or Mathew’s Range), Ndoto and Ngiro mountains form islands of thick indigenous forest surrounded by semi desert. To the very north, Samburu borders Lake Turkana, the famous Jade Sea, where some of the most significant findings of early man have been made, earning it the title ‘Cradle of Mankind’.

Samburu Land is so diverse that it owns or shares four of the 50 Treasures of Kenya: The Treasure of Samburu, Buffalo Springs and Shaba National Reserves; the Treasure of Ol Lenkiyo, Ndoto and Ngiro Mountains; The Treasure of Lake Turkana; and the Treasure of Kirisia Hills and the Escarpment.

People of Samburu County

The name Samburu Land refers to the Samburu people who form the majority of the population. However, there are significant populations of other communities, notably the Turkana, Rendille, Borana and Pokot; the urban centres hold a mixture of people from all over Kenya.

Samburu’s peoples are pastoralists whose life has been revolving around the wellbeing of their goats, sheep, cattle, and in the more arid areas, camels. The Samburu are culturally related to the Maasai, and show a specifically rich and picturesque heritage of artful beadwork, songs and dances. Both women and warriors wear red dresses, but it is only the moran, the young fighters, who braid their hair as the skin is smeared with ochre, displaying an unmatched beauty of traditional Africa.

The Samburu share their Nilotic roots with the Pokots, their neighbors to the west, and the Turkana to the northwest, whereas Borana in the southeast and Rendille in the northeast are both of Cushitic lineage. Yet, culturally, the Rendille are the closest to the Samburu and practice almost identical traditions.

Samburu County Government

Samburu is situated in the Northern part of the Rift Valley Province bordering Marsabit, Turkana, Isiolo, Baringo and Laikipia Counties. It is administratively divided into three sub-counties: – Central, East and North. Samburu County land covers an area of 20,826 Km2 with a total population of 224,000 out of whom 90% are nomadic pastoralists.

The area is inhabited by the Samburu who are the majority and a few Turkana, Somali and rendille ethnic groups whose main economic activity is livestock keeping. They practice a seasonal migratory lifestyle in continuous search of grazing pasture and water for their livestock, which provides them with milk, meat and blood for food as well as serving other socio-economic functions such a paying dowry.

The rainfall pattern in Samburu District is quite erratic and on average receives rainfall ranging from 750mm in the lowlands to 1200mm on the mountain and plateaus making the area not quite suitable for arable farming in the lowlands.

In areas where dry land agriculture is practiced the persistent and severe droughts/famine causes crop failure as well as livestock deaths further compounding the problem causing Samburu county to be ranked among the poorest in Kenya (UNDP 2005).

Economy of Samburu County

A small percentage of semi-pastoral inhabitants do practice agriculture. Another sector that has a great potential is tourism. The county lies within the northern tourist circuit and has a vast potential for exploitation.
It is endowed with a variety of abundant wildlife resources that is a source of attraction in tourism industry.

Samburu County Population

Samburu County is sparsely populated with approximately 200,000 people 80% being the Samburu which, the main ethnic group and 20% unevenly shared by Turkana, Kikuyu, Meru, Somali and others. The county is Semi arid in nature and notable for its immense potential and contribution to the National Livestock industry particularly the slaughter stock.

History of Samburu County

As findings from the shores of Lake Turkana prove, the region has been inhabited since the dawn of the very first humans. In the past few centuries, the land has been roamed by various pastoralist peoples who constantly competed for pasture, water and animals.

In 1886, the first Europeans to travel through Samburu County, on their way to Lake Turkana, were the Hungarian Count Samuel Teleki and his Austrian companion Ludwig von Höhnel who gave the biggest permanent desert lake the name ‘Lake Rudolf’ (after Prince Rudolf, then archduke of the Austria-Hungary Empire). The name stuck until the 1970s, when it was officially renamed Lake Turkana. The next Europeans to follow Teleki and von Höhnel were big game hunters who set camp at the animal-rich banks of the Ewaso Nyiro.

Much of the dry vast north has always lagged behind in terms of development, one of the carryover legacies of British administration which shut off the region. When it was still part of the Northern Frontier District in colonial Kenya, Samburu Land could only be accessed after securing a special permit, and its remoteness was the reason Kenya’s first president, Jomo Kenyatta, was detained in Maralal as the British administration and Kenyan nationalists negotiated the terms of independence.

Now that Samburu is one of the 47 semi-autonomous counties, the local control over many affairs within the region will unleash the huge economic potential of the region, most obvious with a great future in tourism, among other sectors of the economy. A new tarmac highway being built from Isiolo to Ethiopia is likely to usher in a period of greater accessibility and security, and Samburu, like all the other counties in northern Kenya, will benefit mightily from this.

Samburu County – Facts and Figures

  • Surface Area: 21,000kmsq
  • Population: 224,000
  • Population Density (persons per kmsq): 11
  • Share of Urban Population (%): 17,3
  • Largest Towns: Maralal (16,000), Baragoi (8,000), Archers Post (6,000), Wamba (6,000)

Samburu County Jobs

Samburu County Jobs opportunities for all qualified personnel and those who would wish to work with Samburu County government. Jobs in Samburu County are posted on the county website.

Jobs in Samburu County are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access these Samburu county jobs advertisement click the link: Samburu County Jobs for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Samburu County Tenders

Samburu county tenders are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access tenders in Samburu county click the link: http://www.samburu.go.ke/tenders.html for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Samburu County Governor and Deputy Governor

The current governor of Samburu County is Hon. Moses LenolKulal and the deputy governor is Hon. Joseph Lemarkat.

Constituencies in Samburu County

  1. Samburu West Constituency
  2. Samburu East Constituency
  3. Samburu North Constituency

Samburu County Wards

Details about Samburu County Wards will be updated soon…

Tourist Attractions in Samburu County

Samburu Game Reserve

Located on the banks of the Ewaso Nyiro River and neighbors Buffalo Springs National Reserve on the opposite bank. It covers 165km2 and 350km from Nairobi.

In the middle of the reserve, the Ewaso Ng’iro flows through doum palm groves and thick riverine forests that provide water without which the game in the reserve would not survive. The Samburu National Reserve was one of the two areas in which conservationists George Adamson and Joy Adamson raised Elsa the Lioness, made famous in the best-selling book and award winning movie, Born Free and its sequels. The Samburu National Reserve is also the home of Kamunyak (the blessed one), a lioness who adopted six oryx calves between 2002 and 2003.

Buffalo Springs National Reserve

Buffalo Springs National Reserve is separated from the Samburu National Reserve by the Ewaso Ngiro river. It is less hilly and less dense than Samburu but equally attractive. Buffalo Springs takes its name from an oasis of clear water at the western end of the sanctuary. The Reserve is 131 km and lies on the leeward side of Mount Kenya, rarely receiving rain. During the struggle for independence in Kenya, Mau Mau freedom fighter hid in the park. The legendary Mau Mau General Mathenge passed through when fleeing to Ethiopia. There is a pool of spring water caused by bombing during the 2nd World War by European forces.

Attractions

365 species of birds, Reticulated giraffe, Grevy’s zebra, elephant, Beisa Oryx, Somali ostrich, hippo, crocodile, gerenuk, buffalo, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, spring pool.

Activities

  1. Bird watching
  2. Hiking
  3. Camping
  4. Game drives

Shaba National Game Reserve

The remote reserve in north Kenya is rugged wilderness featuring hot springs, rolling savannah, miles of scrub and desert, a waterfall and the Ewaso Ngiro River which supports a diversity of wildlife. This reserve was established in 1968. A solitary mountain rises to 2,145m from an otherwise flat area.

Attractions

Gravy zebra, the Somali ostrich, gerenuk, the Reticulated giraffe, gazelles, Lesser kudu, leopard, lion, elephants and bird life.

How to get there

  1. Road: 314km from Nairobi
  2. Air: 45 mins flight.

Activities

  1. Bird watching
  2. Hiking
  3. Camping
  4. Game drives

Where to stay

Many hotel chains have their presence in the county – Sarova Shaba (in Shaba), Samburu Serena, Larsens Camp, Samburu Lodge, Samburu Intrepids among others.

Samburu County Contacts

Samburu County Government
P.O. Box 3 – 20600
Maralal, Kenya.

Tel: +254 065 62456, +254 65 62075

Email: info@samburu.go.ke

Samburu County Website

Websitehttp://www.samburu.go.ke/

Samburu County Map

Samburu County Map

Samburu County Map

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