Health in Kenya


Health services in Kenya have greatly improved although many challenges remain. HIV/Aids, malaria and TB drugs are given free in public hospitals, while maternity services are also free in State health centres  

 Health facilities in Kenya are grouped into six levels.

  1. Level 1 — community
  2. Level 2 — dispensaries
  3. Level 3 ~ health centres
  4. Level 4 » district and sub—district hospitals
  5. Level 5 ~ provincial hospitals
  6. Level 6 – national referral hospitals

An essential package for health in Kenya identifies six distinct stages:

  1. Pregnancy, delivery and newborn children (up to two weeks)
  2. Early childhood (up to five years)
  3. Older childhood (six to 12 years)
  4. Adolescence (13 to 24 years)
  5. Adulthood (25 to 59 years)
  6. Elderly (60 years and over)

Health facilities in Kenya

Kenya has 6,696 health facilities, an increase from 6,190 in 2008. Most of the health facilities have been built through money from the Constituency Development Fund.

Health facilities in Kenya by province

  1. Rift Valley Province  – 1,732
  2. Central Province with –  1,251
  3. Eastern Province – 1,206
  4. Nyanza – 773
  5. Coast – 770
  6. Western  – 426
  7. Nairobi – 406
  8. North Eastern – 232

In recent years, the Government of Kenya has improved the state of health institutions. They receive funds to make the compounds, wards, kitchens and laboratories more comfortable for staff to work and patients to receive services. However, many dispensaries, health centres and district hospitals still lack critical equipment. This explains congestion at referral and provincial hospitals.

Health staff in Kenya

ln 2009, Kenya had 80,464 medical personnel compared to 76,883 in 2008. The number of medical students at universities in Kenya stood at 4,877  in 2009, a 3.7 per cent increase from 2008’s 4,704. Kenya Medical Training College had 5356 students in 2009, a 12.1 per cent decline from 6,090 in 2008.

Registered health medical personnel in Kenya (2009)

1. 6,897 – Doctors
2. 5,888 – Clinical officers
3. 1,004 – Dentists
4. 778 – Graduate nurses
5. 15,948 – Registered nurses
6. 31,917 – Enrolled nurses
7. 2,921 – Pharmacists
8. 1,950 – Pharmacutical technologists
9. 7,192 – Public health officers
10. 5,969 – Public health technicians

Health workers in Kenya

  1. 157 – Orthopaedic technologists
  2. 553  – Nutritionists
  3. 447  – Radiographers
  4. 1,177 – Physiotherapy staff (physiotherapists, occupational therapists and plaster technicians)
  5. 945 – Records and information officers and technicians
  6. 474 – Medical engineering staff (technologists and technicians).

Medical Specialists in Kenya  by Area of specialization.

  1. Gynecologists in Kenya
  2. Nutritionist in Kenya
  3. Paediatricians in Kenya
  4. ENT Specialist in Kenya
  5. Dermatologist in Kenya
  6. Dentist in Kenya
  7. Chiropractor in Kenya
  8. Anesthetists in Kenya
  9. Allergist in Kenya
  10. Clinics in Kenya
  11. Eye Clinics in Kenya
  12. Radiologists in Kenya
  13. X-ray Services in Kenya
  14. Surgeons in Kenya
  15. Radiotherapists in Kenya
  16. Public Health in Kenya
  17. Psychiatrists / Psychologists in Kenya
  18. Physicians in Kenya
  19. Pharmacotherapist in Kenya
  20. Pharmacist in Kenya
  21. Pharmacies in Kenya
  22. Pathologists in Kenya
  23. Ophthalmologist in Kenya
  24. Occupational Therapist in Kenya
  25. Podiatrist in Kenya
  26. Neurosurgeon in Kenya

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