Health in Kenya

Health services in Kenya have greatly improved although many challenges remain. HIV/Aids, malaria and TB drugs are given free in public hospitals, while maternity services are also free in State health centres 

 Health facilities in Kenya are grouped into six levels.

  1. Level 1 — community
  2. Level 2 — dispensaries
  3. Level 3 ~ health centres
  4. Level 4 » district and sub—district hospitals
  5. Level 5 ~ provincial hospitals
  6. Level 6 – national referral hospitals

An essential package for health in Kenya identifies six distinct stages:

  1. Pregnancy, delivery and newborn children (up to two weeks)
  2. Early childhood (up to five years)
  3. Older childhood (six to 12 years)
  4. Adolescence (13 to 24 years)
  5. Adulthood (25 to 59 years)
  6. Elderly (60 years and over)

Health facilities in Kenya

Kenya has 6,696 health facilities, an increase from 6,190 in 2008. Most of the health facilities have been built through money from the Constituency Development Fund.

Health facilities in Kenya by province

  1. Rift Valley Province  – 1,732
  2. Central Province with -  1,251
  3. Eastern Province – 1,206
  4. Nyanza – 773
  5. Coast – 770
  6. Western  – 426
  7. Nairobi – 406
  8. North Eastern – 232

In recent years, the Government of Kenya has improved the state of health institutions. They receive funds to make the compounds, wards, kitchens and laboratories more comfortable for staff to work and patients to receive services. However, many dispensaries, health centres and district hospitals still lack critical equipment. This explains congestion at referral and provincial hospitals.

Health staff in Kenya

ln 2009, Kenya had 80,464 medical personnel compared to 76,883 in 2008. The number of medical students at universities in Kenya stood at 4,877  in 2009, a 3.7 per cent increase from 2008′s 4,704. Kenya Medical Training College had 5356 students in 2009, a 12.1 per cent decline from 6,090 in 2008.

Registered health medical personnel in Kenya (2009)

1. 6,897 – Doctors
2. 5,888 – Clinical officers
3. 1,004 – Dentists
4. 778 – Graduate nurses
5. 15,948 – Registered nurses
6. 31,917 – Enrolled nurses
7. 2,921 – Pharmacists
8. 1,950 – Pharmacutical technologists
9. 7,192 – Public health officers
10. 5,969 – Public health technicians

Health workers in Kenya

  1. 157 – Orthopaedic technologists
  2. 553  – Nutritionists
  3. 447  – Radiographers
  4. 1,177 – Physiotherapy staff (physiotherapists, occupational therapists and plaster technicians)
  5. 945 – Records and information officers and technicians
  6. 474 – Medical engineering staff (technologists and technicians).
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About the Author

Hello, I'm Josphat Gachie, a DIGITAL MEDIA CONSULTANT and the founder of Softkenya.com. We provide ONLINE MARKETING SOLUTIONS and WEBSITE DESIGN from Ksh10,000. Call me on 0720573178 or Visit our website at http://softkenya.com/solutions/