Getting a Job in Kenya, . A GOOD JOB, …is not a function of luck or hard work alone. It requires careful strategic planning and quickness to grasp job opportunities as they are created, not as they exist. The Kenyan Economic Survey indicates that the modern sector generates only 50,000 jobs annually as opposed to the 500,000 new job entrants, i.e. only ONE out of NINE job-hunters will get a blue/white collar job in the modern sector.
With such few jobs being created, it is not surprising that so many young people are TERRIFIED by the prospects of unemployment.
For a new job-hunter, getting a job has become a NIGHTMARE. Many university, college or polytechnic graduates are now doing jobs that may have been unthinkable some years ago. Finding a graduate selling second-hand clothes, or wielding a big ‘rungu’ as an ‘askari’ or a watchman is no longer surprising.
Many organizations have adjusted to the realities of the job market to the detriment of the job hunter. Cases of degree and diploma holders being offered unrealistic, if not exploitative salaries have become common. Others have to part with money, or agree to have sex with their would-be employers before they are given the job. Many of them, desperate, broken-hearted and tired of job-hunting are left with little choice but to accept the conditionalities.
Given the large numbers of people seeking the few job vacancies available, one needs to be skilled in job-hunting to secure a job. This manual aims at helping you become more effective by equipping you with the skills and knowledge necessary for successful job-campaigns. It is often the individual who is most skilled at job hunting and who makes the best impression that ends up with the job, and not necessarily the one whom is most qualified.
Possessing good job-hunting skills pays…at least ask those who have received a couple of offers while their colleagues languish as rejects! Yes, a few jobs still exist for those who know how and where to look for them in spite of the fierce competition in the job market. Many of the recently employed graduates are proof of the fact that you can still get a good job so long as you know how. Many had less experience or poorer qualifications when they begun their job hunting campaigns. What they lacked in this aspect, however, they made up with good self-marketing techniques.
It is said that, it is not the lawyer who knows the most law who wins, but the one who best prepares a case. This article l is about preparing winning cases,. a case that shows your potential employer why he should give you a job and not your competing candidate for the same job. You must always learn what it takes to do to win and stay winning.
Who a m I? (Understand your personality and your values)
What are my skills and abilities? (Understand your human competence and potential).
Where do I want to use these skills and abilities? (Understand the environment that will estimate your potential productivity)
It is important to know the values you desire in a career in order to evaluate different career options. According to one Holland ‘s psychological theory about human personality in relation to work potential, each person fits at least in one or two of the following categories:
Realistic Job Environment
People in this type of work setting place value upon using their athletic and/or mechanical abilities. They prefer working with objects, tools, machines, plants or animals. They treasure working outdoors. They prefer occupations such as mechanic, construction work, fish and wildlife management, laboratory technician, some engineering specialties, some military jobs, agriculture, or the skilled trades.
Investigative Job Environment
Workers in this setting place high value on observing, studying, learning, analyzing, evaluating, and problem solving through scientific thinking. They prefer occupations such as: design engineer, biologist, social scientist, research, laboratory work, physicist, technical writer, meteorologist.
Artistic Job Environment
Workers in this environment cherish artistic, creative and expressive skills. They value working free of rules and regulations and like to use their free imaginations. Vocational choices include: artist, author, cartoonist, composer, singer, actor, etc.
Enterprising Job Environment
This work environment features individuals who find it worthwhile to influence, persuade, or perform for others. They value managing or leading others in order to attain organization goals or profit. Vocational interests include: business executive, hotel manager, politician, salesman, etc.
Social Job Environment
In this environment, workers value being in contact with people by informing, helping, training, developing or caring for them. These workers are skilled at talking with the people they serve. They prefer vocations such as: teacher, psychologist, counselor, education officer, etc.
Conventional Job Environment
Workers value dealing with data, performing numerical tasks. They value carrying out instructions and working with fine details. Occupational preferences are mostly within the business world, and include bankers, book-keeper, accountant, financial analyst, computer operator, statistician etc.
A clear understanding of ones personality, values, interests and abilities is something many people rarely take ample time to do. Such self analysis enables one to begin to know what he can bring to a job and what he desires from a job.
Job related questions you need to answer:
- Where geographically do you want to work?
- Do you want to work in a city, urban area or rural atmosphere?
- Do you wish to work for a small organization or a large organization?
- Do you want to work in the private sector or the public sector?
- Where in the organization’s hierarchy do you want to work?
- What kind of advancement opportunities do you need?
- What salary range is necessary?
- How much challenge do you want?
- Is job security important to you?
- How much travel do you want to undertake?
- Are training and educational opportunities important?
- How do you feel about transfers?