Kilifi County


Kilifi County covers a total surface area of 12,610 km2 and accounts for 2.17 per cent of Kenya’s total surface area. It borders the counties of Tana River to the North, Taita Taveta to the West, Mombasa and Kwale to the South and the Indian Ocean to the East.

Major Towns in Kilifi County

The County’s capital is the coastal town of Kilifi which lies on the Kilifi Creek between Mombasa and Malindi towns. Other major towns include:

  1. Malindi
  2. Mtwapa
  3. Watamu
  4. Mariakani
  5. Kaloleni
  6. Gongoni
  7. Geography and climate

The topography of the county is dominated by low-range sand-stone hills, and a terrain that generally slopes towards the sea.Kilifi County has 21 forests cumulatively, covering 246 km2. River Sabaki, a perennial fresh water river, runs 150km across the county, supporting various human and livestock activities. Seasonal rivers in the county include the Nzovuni, Rare, Goshi and Wimbi. There are also many seasonal streams found across the county.

The average annual rainfall ranges from 300mm in the hinterland parts of the County to 1,300mm along the coastal belt.

The People of Kilifi County

Based on the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the county had about 200 000 households and a population of1,109,735 which accounted for 2.9 percent of the total Kenyan population.

The main communities residing in Kilifi County include seven Mijikenda sub-groups (Giriama, Chonyi, Jibana, Kambe,Kauma, Rabai and Ribe), the Bajuni, Swahili, and people of Arab, Indian and European descent who have permanently settled in the county. There are other Kenyan communities who have also settled in the County because of their employment or for purposes of doing business. Over time, these people have had close interactions with each other, and fostered the Swahili culture and language. Most of the people in Kilifi County are either Christians or Muslims, though other smaller religious communities exist.

Administrative Units in Kilifi County

Kilifi county has 6 administrative districts, namely:

  1. Kilifi
  2. Kaloleni
  3. Malindi
  4. Magarini
  5. Ganze
  6. Bahari

Electoral Units

The county is divided into 7 constituencies and 35 wards.

The constituencies are:

  1. Malindi,
  2. Magarini,
  3. Kaloleni,
  4. Ganze,
  5. Rabai,
  6. Kilifi North, and
  7. Kilifi South.

Economy of Kilifi County

Agriculture

More than half of the land in Kilifi is arable, however only 31% of the farmers hold titles to their land.
Maize and cassava are the main subsistence crops grown in the County.
The main cash crops grown in the county include coconuts, cashew nuts, sisal and citrus fruits such as mangoes and pineapples.
Potential crops for cultivating in Kilifi

The average precipitation of 900 mm and mean-annual temperature of 27°C hold potential for agricultural development. Horticultural crops and vegetables such as chillies, brinjals, okra, onions and tomatoes can be cultivated along the Coastal plains. Staples like maize, rice, bananas, cow peas, green grams and beans can also do well. Northwards, along the Sokoke Forest, is land with medium agricultural potential. Further north, are the pineapple fields in Magarini district that can provide large scale farming. Jatropha, aloe vera and vanilla grow well in the County and could be promoted for the production of bio-diesel, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food products.

Livestock farming

Livestock and poultry farming is a major economic activity in the county. There are 4 private and 8 group ranches in Kilifi on which both dairy and beef cattle are kept. Other livestock species reared include goats, sheep, pigs and rabbits; mainly on small-scale basis by subsistence farmers and bee-keeping is also practised.

Opportunities exist in livestock holding grounds, ranching, export slaughterhouses and the establishment of tanneries.

Fishing

Deep-sea fishing is a lucrative venture due to high demand for fish from the hotel industry. The county has 14 landing beached and over 5,000 fishermen. Sport fishing has also taken root, with fishing clubs established at various spots associated with tourist hotels and resorts.

Mining and manufacturing

Kilifi County is rich in minerals; mainly titanium and iron ore, that have spurred extensive industrial mining activities. Other minerals extracted include barites, galena, rubies, pozzolana, gypsum and limestone. Salt mining and sand harvesting have been carried out over the years to take advantage of the sandy, salty waters. While these are economically lucrative, they are equally responsible for destruction of its mangrove forests. As for manufacturing sector there are:

  1. Two Cement factories in Kaloleni (Bamburi Cement and Athi River mining)
  2. Salt extracting companies in Malindi
  3. Milly fruit processing at Mtwapa
  4. Sandal factory in Kikambala
  5. Milk processing factory in Kilifi

Tourism

Tourism is very important for the country. It creates opportunities for employment in the service industries associated with it, such as transport, entertainment and advertising.

There has been an up-trend in tourism over the last few years and the County is well positioned to benefit from; local tourism, ecotourism, pro-poor tourism, educational tourism, cultural tourism and sport tourism. All these trends offer opportunities for significant growth of the tourism sector in Kilifi County.

Main attractions:

  1. Rabai Church
  2. Gede Ruins
  3. Vasco da Gama Pillar
  4. Mnarani Ruins
  5. Mangrove Forests
  6. Arubuko Sokoke Forest which hosts the Tsavo East National Park
  7. Indian Ocean
  8. Kafuloni
  9. Sabaki and Rare Rivers
  10. Marine parks of Malindi, Watamu and Mtwapa are a great tourist attraction.

Facts About Kilifi County

 Area (Km 2): 12,639 (109 are water mass of Indian Ocean)

 Climate: Two seasons of rain; temperatures 21 – 35 degrees C

 Road network:

Tarmaked 147.7 Km

Gravel/Murram258.3 Km

Earth Surface656 Km

Key National Monuments: Rabai Church, Gede Ruins, Vasco da Gama Pillar, Mnarani Ruins

Population of  Kilifi County

Population: 1.1 Million

Male 48 %

Female 52 %

 Density: 450 people per Km2

 National Percentage: 2.8 %

Growth Rate: 3.05 %

 Age distribution:

0-14 Years47 %

15-34 Years33 %

35-64 Years17 %

over 65 years4 %

 Government of Kilifi County

County capital: Kilifi Town

 Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Malindi, Magarini, Kaloleni, Ganze and Bahari)

 Registered Voters: 292,403

 National percentage of Registered Voters: 2.32 %

 Number of Districts (2009): 6 (Kilifi, Ganze, Kaloleni, Bahari, Malindi and Magarini)

 Number of Local Authorities (2010): 5 (Town Councils of Kilifi and Mariakani, County Councils of Kilifi and Malindi and Municipal Council of Malindi)

 Economy of Kilifi County

Resources: Natural (Iron Ore, Titanium, Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Mangroove Forests), Water (Indian Ocean, Kafuloni, Sabaki and Rare Rivers).

 Financial services: Banks and Micro Finance Institutions, Decentralized Funds e.g. CDF through Constituencies & LATF

 Poverty Level: 68% of population live below the poverty line

 Main Economic Activities/industries: Agriculture, Tourism, Manufacturing and Fishing

 Main Agricultural products: Cashew nuts, Horticulture (Flowers, Fruits, Vegetables), Sisal.

 Education of Kilifi County

 Primary schools 160

 Enrolment 154,848

Teacher : Pupil Ratio1:39

Secondaries 23

Enrollment61,112

Teacher : Pupil Ratio1:30

 Youth Polytechnics10

Tertiary: Pwani University College, Bandari College, Kilifi Medical Training College

Health in Kilifi County

 Hospitals: 3 District Hospitals and 2 Sub District Hospitals

 Number of Doctors: 8

 Doctors to Population Ratio: 1:137,500

 Number of Clinical Officers: 10

Clinical Officers to Population: 1:110000

 Number of Nurses: 128

 Nurses to Population ratio: 1: 8,594

 Infant Mortality Rates: 71 per 1000 (This for Coast Province) KDHS 2008-09

 Under-Five Mortality Rates: 87per 1000 (This for Coast Province)

 Prevalent Diseases: HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Diseases of the digestive System

 Notable Private Hospitals: Mariakani Hospital

Contact Kilifi County

Office of The County Secretary,
P.O Box 519 – 80108,
Kilifi.
[email protected]

 
Other Counties in Kenya
   
   


Exciting Links
  1. 20 Things Women Should Never, Ever, Do
  2. 20 Things Men Should Never, Ever, Do
  3. Memorable Speech by Idi Amin
  4. Application Form to Marry my Daughter.
  5. 45 Things a Girl Wants But Wont Ask For
  6. The 20 Things You Need To Accomplish In Your 20s

About Gachie

Hello, I'm Josphat Gachie, a DIGITAL MEDIA CONSULTANT and the founder of Softkenya.com. Softkenya is Kenya's most comprehensive information website. Hope you will get what you want. WELCOME.