Located on the Equator in the Rift Valley Province of the country the district has two major urban centres: Nanyuki to the southeast, and Nyahururu to the southwest. Its capital is Nanyuki. Laikipia District is one of the seventy-one districts of Kenya.
The Kikuyu form about 60% of the population, with the balance composed of several other ethnic communities, including Laikipia Maasai, Samburu, Meru, Borana, Kalenjin, Somali, European, Asian, and Turkana, giving the district a diverse population. Most of the land is owned by a small population of colonial settlers.
Economic activity in the district consists mainly of tourism and agriculture, chiefly grain crops, ranching and greenhouse horticulture.
The district has a cool, temperate climate with both rainy and dry seasons.