Secondary school education in Kenya caters for teenagers in the 14-17 age group. Students sit for the Kenya Certiﬁcate of Secondary Education (KCSE) after four years. This prepares them for university, middle level trades,professions, vocational and technical training.
Between 2003—2013, secondary education expanded initially as a result of the demand created by introduction of the free education primary education. However, access to secondary education continued to expand rapidly because of implementation of free tuition secondary education that was introduced by the Government in 2008.
The introduction of the initiative was expected to improve access to secondary education whose demand had increased as a result of the free primary education initiative. Secondary school enrolment rose from 862,907 students in 2003 to 1.4 million in 2008. Thereafter the figure rose to 1.8 million in 2011 and 1.9 million in 2012.
But despite the increased enrolment, retention seemed to have been a major drawback.
The overall retention rate for secondary school level declined from 96.2 per cent in 2011 to 92.4 per cent in 2012. The decline in retention rate was attributed to high school fees imposed by the schools in spite of the availability of the fees guidelines for public secondary schools.
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Amid efforts to improve the quality of secondary education, the Government upgraded about a 100 secondary schools to national school status. The move increased the number of national schools from 18 in 2011 to 114 in 2013. Each national school was granted Kshs25 million to expand its physical facilities, especially classrooms and dormitories.
Free Tuition Secondary Programme has opened up high school education. Funding from the African Development Bank, Constituency Development Fund and local communities has increased the number of classrooms and laboratories. The outcome is more Form One places, higher transition rate from primary to secondary from 72.5 per cent in 2010 to 74.6 in 2011.
Steps have been taken to improve grades in mathematics and sciences, ensuring high pupil textbook ratio, especially in rural areas and urban slums, and providing instructional materials to needy public secondary schools. The government allows re entry of girls who drop out of school because of pregnancy and early or forced marriages.
To introduce equity in secondary schools the Government, in 2011, elevated 87 provincial schools to national schools. The aim is to have at least two national schools in each of the 47 counties.
Each school has been allocated funds to upgrade classrooms, laboratories and dormitories. The expansion Will create 6,000 places.
- 1100003 – Kenyatta High School Mwatate – Boys Boarding
- 1100004 – Bura Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 3100001 – Mama Ngina Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 4100002 – Ribe Boys High School – Boys Boarding
- 7200009 – Karima Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 8200007 – Kagumo High School – Boys Boarding
- 10200008 – Muranga High School – Boys Boarding
- 11200001 – Alliance High School – Boys Boarding
- 11200002 – Alliance Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 11200003 – Mangu High School – Boys Boarding
- 11200004 – Limuru Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 11200005 – Loreto High School Limuru – Girls Boarding
- 11200006 – Maryhill Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 12300001 – Machakos Boys High School – Boys Boarding
- 13300005 – Muthale Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 14300006 – Moi High School Mbiruri – Boys Boarding
- 15300002 – Meru High School – Boys Boarding
- 18300003 – Makueni Boys High School – Boys Boarding
- 19300004 – Chogoria Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 20400001 – Lenana School – Boys Boarding
- 20400002 – Nairobi School – Boys Boarding
- 20400003 – The Kenya High School – Girls Boarding
- 20400004 – Starehe Boys Centre – Boys Boarding
- 20400006 – Pangani Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 20400008 – Moi Forces Academy Nairobi – Boys Boarding
- 20400009 – Starehe Girls Centre – Girls Boarding
- 23500003 – St Brigids Kiminini – Girls Boarding
- 24500004 – Tartar Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 26500001 – Moi Girls High School Eldoret – Girls Boarding
- 27500002 – Nakuru High School – Boys Boarding
- 27500007 – Moi Forces Academy Lanet – Girls Boarding
- 27500008 – Utumishi Boys Academy – Boys Boarding
- 27500009 – Nakuru Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 28500005 – Kipsigis Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 29500006 – Kapsabet Boys High School – Boys Boarding
- 31500011 – Moi Girls Isinya – Girls Boarding
- 34500010 – St Patricks Iten – Boys Boarding
- 36600002 – Lugulu Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 36600004 – Friends School Kamusinga – Boys Boarding
- 37600001 – Kakamega High School – Boys Boarding
- 38600003 – Bunyore Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 39700001 – Maseno School – Boys Boarding
- 40700002 – Kisii High School – Boys Boarding
- 40700003 – Nyabururu Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 41700004 – Asumbi Girls High School – Girls Boarding
- 42700005 – Maranda High School – Boys Boarding
- 44700006 – Kanga High School – Boys Boarding
- 45800001 – Garissa High School – Boys Boarding
Original List of National Schools in Kenya
- Nairobi school
- Lenana School
- Kenya High School
- Starehe Boys Centre and School
- Moi Forces Academy
- Mangu High School
- Alliance Boys High School
- Alliance Girls High School
- Loreto High School
- Limuru Girls High School
- Mary Hills Girls High School
- Bishop Gatimu Ngandu Girls High School
- Maseno School
- Moi High School Kabarak
- Moi Girls High School Eldoret
- Nakuru High School
- Garbatulla High School