Great efforts have been made by the Kenyan government to improve security in Kenya. However, since Kenyan society is less affluent than that of the developed world, ostentatious or careless displays of wealth or valuables will attract thieves. It is best to leave all valuables in the hotel safe, wear no jewelry, and carry no expensive items of technology.
It is wise also to walk briskly and politely but firmly to decline all inappropriate offers of friendship, guiding, or any other interaction: sadly, the majority will be suspect. Visitors are also advised to think twice before shouting “thief,” in the case of a street mugging in an urban area. In such instances it is not unknown for citizens to attempt to stone, lynch, or otherwise attack those caught “red—handed,” often resulting in the death of the perceived perpetrator.
Visitors are also advised against stopping at the scene of a serious road accident, since their well-meaning attempts to help can often be wrongly construed by an angry and emotionally charged group of bystanders.
Security Sector in Kenya
Kenya’s consistent economic growth and social stability over the past 50 years can be attributed to the security sector, comprising the Kenya Defence Forces and the Kenya Police Service and Private Security Companies in Kenya.
The Constitution defines national security as the protection against internal and external threats to Kenya’s territorial integrity and sovereignty, its people, their rights, freedoms, property, peace, stability and prosperity, and other national interests. It prohibits any person from establishing a military, paramilitary, or similar organization that purports to promote and guarantee national security, except as provided for by the Constitution or an Act of Parliament.
The national security organs are subordinate to civilian authority. The constitutionally established organ that overseas all matters pertaining to national security is the National Security Council.
Security in Kenya – The Security Council consists of;-
- The President;
- The Deputy President;
- The Cabinet Secretary; responsible for defence
- The Cabinet Secretary; responsible for foreign affairs;
- The Cabinet Secretary; responsible for internal security; The Attorney General
- The Chief of Kenya Defence Forces;
- The Director- General of the National Intelligence Service; and The Inspector – General of the National Police Service.
Security in Kenya – The Security Council’s primary mandate is to:
- Integrate the domestic, foreign and military policies relating to national security in order to enable the national security organs to co – operate and function effectively; and to
- Assess and appraise the objectives, commitments and risks to the Republic in respect of actual and potential national security capabilities.
The Council reports to Parliament on the state of security in Kenya. With parliamentary approval, the Council may:
- Deploy national forces outside Kenya for:- Regional or international peace support operations; or other support operations
- Approve the deployment of foreign forces in Kenya.