Where is Kenya in Africa
Kenya officially known as the Republic of Kenya, is a country in the eastern cost of Africa, and lies on the equator. With the Indian Ocean to its south-east, it is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east.
Kenya has a land area of about 586,600km sq. Inland water bodies cover some 10,700km sq, the bulk of this in Lakes Victoria and Lake Turkana. Kenya’s population of nearly 41 million, representing 42 different peoples and cultures.
Kenya Africa – History
Known as the “Cradle of Mankind,” the original Garden of Eden, and the place where, six million years ago, Millennium Man walked the Tugen Hills, Kenya is the ethnic homeland of us all. It was from Kenya’s nurturing embrace that the earliest humans wandered forth to colonize the world. On the shores of Lake Turkana, however, where Homo erectus took his ﬁrst upright steps, little has changed. The searing wind still scours the waters of the “Iade Sea,” hippos wallow alongside crocodiles, and nomadic tribespeople
live a life essentially unchanged from that of their ancestors ﬁfty thousand years ago.
Kenya later became the adopted home of more than seventy different groups of ethnic African migrants, each with its own distinctive cultural identy. It is a land of miraculously harmonious contrasts: tropical ice, teeming wilderness, vibrant culture, and gentle tolerance. A place where, despite the burdens of poverty, drought, and famine, the phrase Hakuna matata (“no problem”) embodies the national attitude, and a smile is the most valuable currency.
Today ﬁfty-six national parks and reserves offer sanctuary to some of the world’s most ancient and most threatened creatures. The country contains some of the last primordial rain forests and boasts more species of birds than anywhere else on earth. Stunningly scenic, steeped in history, a sportsman’s paradise, and a lover’s idyll, Kenya was in the past a playground for royalty, millionaires, aristocrats, and eccentrics, and still remains one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations. It is not for the trappings of tourism, however, that it is usually remembered. Visitors go away indelibly touched by the warmth, sincerity, and generosity of the Kenyan people; and the poorer the person, the
richer the welcome.
Facts About Kenya Africa
- Official Name: The Republic of Kenya – Named after Mount Kenya, or Kirinyaga, “Mountain of Whiteness”
- Capital City: Nairobi (Nyrobi, meaning “Place of Cool Waters” in Maa) – Population over 5 million
- Main Cities: Mombasa is the coastal capital and the largest port on the East African coast. – The other major cities are Kisumu, Eldoret, and Nakuru.
- Area: 225,000 sq. miles (583,000 sq. km) – 5,200 sq. miles (13,400 sq. km) is inland water (part of Lake Victoria). The coastline is 333 miles (536 km) long.
- Borders: Kenya is bordered by Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Uganda, and Tanzania.
- Climate: Varies with altitude and terrain. The low, tropical coast has an av. day temp. of 81 – 88°F (27 – 31°C), Nairobi 70 – 79°F (21- 26″C).: Jul – Aug. is cold, Jan – Feb. is dry, Mar – May wet, Jun.-Sept. dry, 0ct – Dec. wet
- Economy: Agriculture: 80% of the population, 20% of GDP, and 50% of export earnings – Tourism is largest export earner. lndustry – 18% of GDP
- Currency: Kenya shilling (KSh) KSh 92=US $1 (2014)
- Population: 34.7 million (2006 est.), 42.5% under 14; growth rate at 2.57% one of highest in world – Life expectancy at birth: 48.93 years.~50% of population below poverty line
- Ethnic Makeup: The two major language groups are Bantu and Nilotic. Largest tribes in Bantu group: Kikuyu, Meru, Gusii, Embu, Akamba, Luyha, Mijikenda; in the Nilotic group: Maasai, Turkana, Samburu, Pokot, Luo, Kalenjin. ln the third, Cushitic-speaking, group: El Molo, Somali, Rendille, Galla. The coastal region is home of the Swahili people.
- Religion: Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism, lslam, and traditional beliefs
- Language: English (official), Kiswahili (national) multiple ethnic languages (Bantu, Cushitic, and Nilotic language groups) – Literacy: 85% of population over 15 can read and write.
- Government: Kenya is an independent republic with a democratically elected parliament – The President is the chief of state and head of government.
- Electricity: 220-240 volts, 50 Hz – Standard 13 amp, three square-prong plugs
- Internet Domain .ke
- Telephone: International telephone code: +254 – To dial out of the country, dial 000 followed by required country code.
- Time: GMT +3 all year – Almost 12 hours of round daylight; sunrise and sunset 6:30 a,m. and 6:45 p.m. approx.
Kenya Africa – Where is Kenya Located in Africa?
Named after Mount Kenya, or Kirinyaga (“Mountain of Whiteness”), which lies almost in the center of the country, Kenya straddles the equator and covers an area of just under 225,000 sq miles (583,000 sq. km). Bounded to the east by the Indian Ocean, it shares borders with Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, and Tanzania. Most of the north and northeast of the country is either uninhabited or sparsely inhabited deserts
The Kenyan landscape is divided into two distinct halves: the eastern half slopes gently to the coral-backed seashore; the western portion rises more abruptly through a series of hills and plateaus to the Eastern Rift Valley, known in Kenya as the Central Rift. West of the Rift is a westward-sloping plateau, the lowest part of which is occupied by Lake Victoria. The highest point in the country is the snowcapped peak of Mount Kenya, at 17,000 ft (5,199 m) the second highest mountain in Africa and one of the largest freestanding mountains in the world with a base diameter of 124 miles (200 km). The coastline extends some 333 miles (536 km) from the Tanzanian border in the southeast to the Somali border in the northeast. The main rivers are the Athi/Galana and the Tana. The major lakes are Victoria, Turkana, Baringo, Naivasha, Magadi, Iipe, Bogoria, Nakuru, and Elementeita.
Kenya East Africa – Climate
Kenya displays great contrasts in topography and climate: snowcapped peaks give way to deserts, palm-fringed beaches to rolling savannah plains, alpine highlands to the lunar semideserts of the northeast. Since the country lies on the equator, the climate remains stable all year. The days are sunny and hot, but the nights can be cool. Broadly speaking, Ianuary to February is dry; March to May is wet (“long rains”); Iune to September is dry; October to December is wet (“short rains”). The coast is always hot with an average daytime temperature of 81- 88°F (27-3 1°C). The average daytime temperature in Nairobi is 70-79°F (21-26°C), while the temperatures elsewhere depend on altitude. The
period Iuly to August marks the Kenyan winter.
Kenya Africa – Wildlife and Birds
Kenya’s ﬂora is diverse: along the coasts are forests containing palm, mangrove, teak, copal, andsandalwood trees. Forests of baobab, euphorbia, and acacia trees cover the lowlands to a height of around 3,000 ft (915 m) above sea level. Extensive tracts of savannah grassland, interspersed with groves of acacia and papyrus, characterize the terrain at heights from 3,000 to 9,000 ft (915 to 2,745 m). The principal species in the dense rain forest of the eastern and southeastern mountain slopes are camphor and bamboo. The alpine zone, above 11,600 ft (3,550 m), contains large plants of the Senecio and Lobelia genera.
Despite the tremendous losses inﬂicted by hunting and poaching during the twentieth century, Kenya teems with wildlife. There are eighty major animal species, ranging from the “Big Five” (elephant, buffalo, rhinoceros, lion, and leopard) down to tiny antelopes such as the dik-dik, which is slightly larger than a rabbit. At least thirty-two endemic species are endangered.
An ornithologist’s paradise, Kenya is the ﬁnest country in Africa for bird-watching, boasting 1,137 species of birds and sixty IBAs (Important Bird Areas). It is common to spot more than one hundred bird species in a day.
Kenya’s wildlife conservation area is 17,000 sq. miles (44,400 sq. km) or 7.6 percent of its total area. For national parks and reserves, see pages 118-21.
Capital of Kenya Africa
The capital, Nairobi, from the Maasai word Nyrobi meaning “Place of Cool Waters,” also known as the “Green City in the Sun” and “Safari Capital of the World,” has a population of around 5 million people. Nairobi city came into being in May 1899 as a supply depot created by the European builders of the East African railway, located at “Mile 327” from the coast, high enough above sea level to avoid the malaria mosquito. The largest city in East Africa, it is also one of the youngest, the most modern, the highest at 3,600 ft (1,700 m), and the fastest growing.
Other urban centers are Mombasa (the main port on the Indian Ocean), Kisumu on the shores of Lake Victoria, Eldoret, Thika, and Nakuru.
Africa Kenya – People
Kenya is a cultural microcosm of Africa. Groups from all over the continent have migrated there for centuries, each with its own distinctive cultural features. As a result, Kenya has more than seventy ethnic communities, speaking close to eighty different dialects; all are united under the striped green, black, and red national ﬂag (green for the land, black for the people, and red for the blood spilled in the struggle for freedom). Unity is expressed in the national motto Hammbee, which translates as “let’s all pull together.”
Kenya Africa Map
Here is a map of Kenya Africa