The National Intelligence Service (NIS)
The National Intelligence Service (NIS) previously known as the National Security Intelligence Service (NSIS) is both the (national) domestic and foreign intelligence agency of Kenya. It had its origins in “Special Branch” a department of the national police that was created in 1952 under the British administration. Among other things it provided intelligence during the Mau Mau Uprising.
The Nandi, on hearing of the British, sought to attack them. On the other hand, the Kamba people responded differently to the British as they had traversed the central and coastal areas as long distance traders during which they gathered information for their leaders. British colonists recruited mercenaries as porters and guides. First the mercenaries provided information, but later they served as community chiefs, displacing traditional leaders. This meant that most of those who became chiefs were opportunists.Later the government of the Kenya Protectorate began intelligence gathering.
In the year 1926 a Criminal Investigations Division was created, staffed by colonists, and involving a Special Branch responsible for intelligence. In the post-World War Two period until 1963, the SB’s activities expanded from the collection of intelligence on criminal activities to investigation of citizens agitating for independence and the trade union movement. The SB also expanded to combat the Mau Mau insurgency and was reorganised following intelligence failures.
The post-independence government inherited an intelligence mentality that used force to ensure compliance. After 1965, police and intelligence services became politicised and linked to individuals. By 1982, the police force (including the SB) had become a tool of oppression, systematically abusing the law and disregarding the Constitution.
However, in 1998 the National Security Intelligence Service was created, and over 170 SB officers were purged from the NSIS. In 1999, the NSIS and the police were separated, arrest authority was removed from the NSIS, and a tribunal was established for complaints against the intelligence service.
With independence approaching Special Branch was made independent from the police in 1963 and in 1969 it was given a new charter. It wasn’t until 1986 that it was transformed into the Directorate of Security Intelligence (DSI).
In 1998, a new act of Parliament in Kenya established the National Security Intelligence Service (NSIS) to replace the former Directorate of Security Intelligence which at the time was still colloquially known as “Special Branch”. The first director general (DG) of the new service was retired Brigadier Wilson A.C. Boinett who served until 2006, when he was replaced with Major-General Michael Gichangi. In January 2011 Gichangi was appointed to a second five-year term. However, Gichangi did not complete his term and resigned his position in August 2014 citing personal reasons. His replacement, Major-General Philip Kameru then serving as the head of military intelligence, was appointed in September after vetting by the National Assembly.
NSIS’s intelligence gathering work includes: internal, external and strategic intelligence. The NSIS is charged with identifying conditions that threaten Kenya’s political, economic and social stability. It develops techniques and strategies to neutralise such threats. The NSIS director is the national security advisor to the president of Kenya. The NSIS was relocated from the notorious offices of Special Branch at Nyati House to new headquarters on the outskirts of the city, near the Windsor Golf and Country Hotel. In April 1999, the Moi government appointed Mrs Pamela Mboya, the former Permanent representative to the Habitat, to head a Committee that was charged with formulating a scheme of service for NSIS officers.
Security of tenure given the Director General of NSIS is designed to protect him from such abuse by members of the governing elite. He has the opportunity to say ‘no’ to any unlawful or sectarian instructions from his bosses without fear of losing his job. The NSIS was briefly renamed National Security Intelligence Service NSIS and then to National Intelligence Service NIS its current name.
The National Intelligence Service (NIS) Contacts
Business Name: The National Intelligence Service (NIS)
Address: P.O Box 30091,00100 Nairobi,Kenya.
Region of operation: Nairobi Town, Kenya
Tel: (+254 20 2225901,+ 254 20 344248
The National Intelligence Service (NIS) Website
The National Intelligence Service (NIS) News
NIS spent Sh3.7 billion on August 8 elections
Updated On: 15th February 2018
President Uhuru Kenyatta and Deputy President William Ruto squandered up to Sh174.7million in 90 days on domestic travels during the campaign period, a report by the Controller of Budget reveals.
In the same period, the national spy agency — the National Intelligence Service — spent a staggering Sh3.7 billion in mystery expenditure suspected to have links to partisan politics.
Read: Uhuru oath ceremony gobbled up Sh352 million
The spending comprises recurrent expenditure such as staff emoluments nearly doubled from the previous year, a clear indication that the agency either stepped up surveillance in the lead-up to the election or was a conduit for funding political activities.
In 2016, the Phillip Kameru-led agency had spent Sh6.5 billion, the report shows. But it gobbled up an extra Sh3.7 billion between July and September last year, blowing the bill up to beyond Sh10 billion.
The military is also on the spot, having spent a whopping Sh24.4 billion in just three months. While the amount also includes remuneration and allowances for soldiers, analysis of the report shows an increment of Sh5.1 billion, up from the Sh19.3 billion spent during the same period in 2016.
The military was not actively involved in preparations for the polls — which were budgeted for separately under the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission to the tune of Sh19 billion.
The Ministry of Interior, headed by Dr Fred Matiang’i, also incurred additional expenditures amounting to Sh1.3 billion during the same electioneering period.
Interior, which is in charge of the Police and coordination of the national government administration, had spent Sh13.5 billion in 2016, but the expenditure shot up to Sh14.8 billion last year reflecting heightened activities prior to and after the controversial August 8 polls.
The ministry blew Sh62 million on hospitality costs, buying drinking water, cakes, tea and soda for guests. A further Sh62.6 million was spent on local travels.
The ministry, which has often been singled out by Auditor-General Edward Ouko for unaccountable expenditures, spent Sh7 million on foreign travel and Sh102.2 million in rent for offices countrywide.
A further Sh2.2 billion is indicated as having been used on contracted guards, cleaning services, legal fees, arbitration and compensation payments, contracted professional services, temporary committee expenses and parking charges.
At the Presidency, there is an abnormal curve in the recurrent expenditures for the office, which spent a paltry Sh78 million during the same quarter in 2016.
The Sh96 million upward adjustments in expenditures indicate the massive resources deployed by the President and his deputy in the country’s most expensive campaigns.
The monumental Sh167.8 million on flowers, tea and snacks to entertain guests in offices, up from the Sh104 million pumped into hospitality in 2016, is noteworthy.
The two notable expenditures pushed the total amount spent by the Presidency in the first quarter of the 2017/18 fiscal years to Sh1.4 billion, up from the Sh1 billion spent in the same period the previous year.
According to the report by Agnes Odhiambo, the Presidency spent Sh20.5 million to maintain State limousines assigned to the offices of the President and Deputy President. This was, however, lower compared to the Sh49.3 million spent during the same time in 2016. The reduction could be attributable to the fact that the Jubilee candidates were barred from using State vehicles during the campaigns.
The expenditures soared up with the September 1 nullification of the August 8 Presidential election by the Supreme Court, which forced candidates back on the campaign trail.
More on spending: Is Sh300 million Uhuru swearing-in necessary in troubled Kenya?
During the campaigns, Jubilee Party, which sponsored Uhuru and Ruto, put up a multi-faceted campaign that involved the use of helicopters, high-end four-wheel- drive vehicles and diverse branding merchandise.
The President often flew in the taxpayers-fuelled military chopper and three other helicopters that carried his entourage and security.
Uhuru was often accompanied by a coterie of public servants, including political advisers and members of the national administration who were booked in hotels and given facilitation allowances.
The DP, too, had his convoys that scoured villages for votes, flying private and police choppers sometimes fuelled by the taxpayer.
State facilitation of the Jubilee campaign drew the High Court’s sanction after the Katiba Institute petitioned against the use of public resources to advertise Jubilee achievements.
The Opposition also accused Uhuru and Ruto of deploying State resources to canvass for votes, contrary to the Elections Act and Code of Conduct.
“We have seen a worrying inability of the IEBC to enforce the Electoral Code of Conduct. We have seen the government using its record in office and public funded projects as campaign tools for Nairobi. We have seen Cabinet Secretaries and Principal Secretaries, who are paid by taxpayers, deployed to campaign for Jubilee Party,” NASA leader Raila Odinga complained in July last year.
However, Uhuru denied the claims.
The State-funded Kenyan National Commission on Human Rights also expressed concern then that the government was using public resources to campaign.
KNCHR chairperson Kagwiria Mbogori accused the government of sponsoring and running adverts in both electronic and print media as part of the campaigns.
“Those actions of the government amount to abuse of office and thus Kenyans must call for transparency and accountability of the public officers who unlawfully disregard legal provisions aimed at safeguarding free and fair elections,” Mbogori said in a press statement.