Poverty Eradication Commission: The Government of Kenya launched the National Poverty Eradication Plan (NPEP) in 1999, providing policy direction for forging partnerships and mobilising additional resources from non-State actors in the ﬁght against poverty.
The plan was developed in response to global concerns on poverty during the World Summit on Social Development in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1995.
The summit set the goal of reducing poverty by half by 2015. A key resolution adopted was for participating member States to develop comprehensive planning and budgeting framework for making the goal a reality.
The Government established the Poverty Eradication Commission through the Kenya Gazette in April 1999, to spearhead the ﬁght against poverty and oversee the implementation of the National Poverty Eradication Plan (1999-2015). The Commission had 14 specific mandates to execute, including advocacy for pro-poor policies and programmes; coordination, monitoring and poverty eradication initiatives and identification and piloting of best strategies to alleviate poverty.
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Since inception, PEC has advocated the provision of grants to districts to enable them fund community poverty reduction initiatives. This and piloting have contributed to the evolution of devolved fund.
It has also initiated and piloted Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) strategy to support income-generating activities for the rural poor with no access to credit from the formal ﬁnancial sector. The Commission supports the establishment of the Anti-Poverty Trust Fund (APTF), which was gazetted in 2001. The Fund was to support social and income-generation projects as well as capacity building.
The Commission has piloted and promoted agricultural rapid results initiatives through high value crops to ﬁght poverty. Demonstration of production, processing and use of the Amaranth crop has been done in more than 25 districts. Grain Amaranth ﬂour, famous for its nutritional and medicinal value, is now found in most supermarkets.
It has created District Poverty Eradication Committees and promoted partnerships with ﬁnancial intermediaries and community groups in piloting access to affordable credit and assisting in the disbursement and recovery of pilot revolving loan fund.
The Commission has built the capacity of communities, public servants, NGOs and ﬁnancial intermediaries, through District Poverty Eradication Committees to identify, implement and monitor projects.