Francis Muthaura Biography
Francis Muthaura (Francis Kirimi Muthaura) was born on 20th October 1946. He is a former Kenyan civil servant. He has served as the Kenyan High Commissioner. He has been described as a premier administrator, a diplomat, a tough negotiator, a champion of regional integration, a reformer and a visionary leader, but at all times he has been and has lived his life in the mold of a consummate civil servant.
Francis Muthaura Education Background
Graduate student at the University of Nairobi, Post graduate Diploma in International Relations.
1969- 1972: Undergraduate student at the University of Nairobi, BA Economics, Political Science.
1968- 1969: Nyeri High School.
1966-1968: Nkubu Secondary School
Francis Muthaura Job History
2008 : Head of the Public Service, Permanent Secretary to the Presidency and Secretary to the Cabinet.
2005 : Head of the Public Service, Permanent Secretary to the Presidency and Secretary to the Cabinet.
Ended 2012: Non Executive chairman of British American Investment Company (Kenya) Limited.
2011 : Head of the Public Service, Permanent Secretary to the Presidency and Secretary to the Cabinet
1996-2011: Secretary General of the East African Community
Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ended 1973: District Commissioner of Mombasa District.
Francis Muthaura as an Ambassador
His first 4 year diplomatic tour of duty at the United Nations in New York, included participation in the negotiations which lead to the establishment of the UN Habitat in Nairobi and his initiation of a resolution which lead to the holding of a UN Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy in Nairobi in 1981. Thereafter, the Ambassador’s talents in the field of multilateral negotiations prompted his posting to the Kenyan Embassy to the European Economic Community (EEC and now the European Union (EU)) based in Brussels, the Capital of Europe, in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s. These years constituted some of the most crucial in the expansion of the EEC and provided him with an opportunity to play a crucial role in the negotiations on behalf of the country in its dealings with the European member states through the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of countries.
With a view to further bolstering his knowledge and deepening his understanding of national policies and interests, Ambassador Francis Muthaura sought a posting back to the Ministry headquarters in Nairobi, first as Senior Assistant Secretary and thereafter Under Secretary and Head of Economic Division, between the years of 1983 and 1987. This timely return home also provided his three children with an important opportunity to build strong ties with their home and relatives. In his time at the Ministry, the Ambassador is noted to have played a key role in the conceptualization and establishment of what is now the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
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It was not long before Ambassador Francis Muthaura was posted to the Kenya High Commission in London as Deputy Head of Mission at a time when the United Kingdom was undoubtedly seen as the country’s most significant trading partner as well as a crucial development partner. As a consequence of his stellar credentials he was promoted after 11 months to take up the position of the Kenyan Ambassador to the European Economic Community in early 1988, taking him back to Brussels, Belgium to head Kenya’s negotiating team with the largest and most intricate economic block in the world. These efforts included negotiating the ACP – EU Lome IV Convention (a trade and financial cooperation agreement). More specifically, in respect of Lome IV, the Ambassador acted as the alternate negotiator for the Chapter on Finance and Investment. During this time he is also credited with initiating the concept of the ACP-EU Investment Support Facility which was subsequently provided for in the Cotonou Agreement.
In the years when the country was fighting some of its hardest international perception challenges in the mid 1990’s his services were called upon again at the United Nations where he returned as Kenya’s Permanent Representative to the UN in 1993. Here, he once again took up the mantle of lead negotiator for the country, driving the national agenda in multilateral negotiations, in the face of the transitioning role of the United Nations from the Cold War era to an undefined new world order highly challenged by intrastate conflicts. Key highlights of his time at the United Nations included securing the election of Kenya to the UN Security Council; serving as the Chairman of the UN Charter Review Committee and also the Chairmanship of the UN General Assembly Committee on Peace Keeping and Decolonization.
With the culmination of intergovernmental negotiations in East Africa on the re-establishment of the East African Community, the member states unanimously supported the appointment of Francis Muthaura as the first Executive Secretary (1996 – 1999) and subsequently the Secretary General (1999 to 2001) of the nascent Community. He was charged with putting in place the EAC Treaty as well as all the necessary institutional structures that have since provided the crucial bedrock for the evident growth and increased and stable integration of the Community. During his time as the chief executive of the EAC, the Ambassador was credited with amongst others formulation of the first EAC Development Strategy; conceptualization and conclusion of the EAC Treaty; institutionalization of the EAC Secretariat and; conceptualization of the EAC Road Network.
Upon the expiry of his term at the East African Community, Francis Muthaura was promptly recalled by the Government of Kenya to join the mainstream civil service as the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Information and Transport. As the chief accounting officer and policy implementer within that Ministry, the Ambassador was charged with driving key negotiations on the privatization of the telecommunications sector including effecting the increase in maximum foreign ownership from 30% – 70%. He also had the opportunity to be involved in the development of the national policy for the nascent mobile telecommunications industry in the country.
Following approximately 6 months with the Ministry of Information and Transport, the Ambassador was transferred to the Ministry of Environment as Permanent Secretary coordinating the Environment, Mining and Water sectors in the country. This significantly broader mandate saw the Ambassador charged with implementing significant shifts in policy in the privatization of the water sector through the introduction of the Water Act 2002. In respect of the environment, the Ambassador was instrumental in the operationalization of the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) and commenced the review of the Mining Act. Building on his work at the EAC Secretariat, the Ambassador was also involved in the conceptualization of the EAC Lake Victoria Commission.
With the much heralded change in government following the 2002 General Elections, there was little surprise within the civil service and international community when the Ambassador was called upon by the third distinct regime of his career to take on even greater responsibility within the civil service. In January 2003 he was appointed as Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Provincial Administration and Internal Security whereat he initiated the Anti-Terrorism Police Unit. This appointment however appeared to have been a purely temporary measure as it was promptly followed by his elevation one month later to the position of the Head of the Public Service, Permanent Secretary to the Presidency and Secretary to the Cabinet.
Under his stewardship since February 2003, the Public Service and the Government as a whole has experienced significant reform and re-energization playing a central role in the increase of national growth rates from 1.9% to 7.1% in the space of 5 years between 2003 and 2007. In the course of this process of national transformation, the Ambassador also oversaw the overhaul of performance monitoring and operational structures within the public service that saw Kenya awarded the 2007 United Nations Public Service Award in respect of “Improving transparency, accountability, and responsiveness in the Public Service through making public administration results oriented and efficient through a performance contracts system.”
The scope of reforms in the public service have, in addition, spanned major improvement in the terms of service for public civil servants; introduction of continuous training in the public service for skills upgrading with special emphasis on ethics, values and leadership for senior and middle level management; introduction of performance contracting and results based management; conceptualization and implementation of a broader based evaluation system for civil servants; and orientation of civil service to customer care through the institutionalization of customer charters.
In order to help to guide the longer term growth and development of the Nation, the Ambassador was a prime driver of the conceptualization and institutionalization of the National Economic and Social Council (NESC) to advise the President and Cabinet on the national development agenda. In conjunction with the work of NESC, Francis Muthaura was also instrumental in the conceptualization and institutionalization of the VISION 2030 blue print to transform the country into a medium income nation within the next 20 years.
Francis Muthaura Awards
- Moran of Burning Spear awarded by President Daniel Arap Moi
- Elder of Golden Heart awarded by President Mwai Kibaki for distinguished service in Public Service.
- Doctor of Humane Letters (HC) by Kenyatta University
- Doctor of Public Service and Diplomacy (HC) by Kenya Methodist University.
Francis Muthaura ICC Case
Francis Muthaura has been named as an instigator of Post-election violence in 2007 – 2008 and was named among six suspects to be prosecuted by the International Criminal Court.
He was accused of leading secret meetings in Kibaki’s office, where revenge attacks against supporters of Kibaki’s opposition were planned.
The ICC prosecutor claimed he authorized the use of excessive force against protesters by the police. He was taped by two people posing as students, who claimed he had admitted involvement in post-election violence.
On 11 March 2013, the charges against Francis Muthaura were dropped by the ICC following the discrediting of a key witness.
Francis Muthaura Video