Baringo County

Baringo County, nicknamed “County Number 1” is truly the land of a thousand views located in the ululating hills of the expanded Rift Valley with vast terrains of valleys and escarpments. It prides itself as the only county to have produced the longest serving and the 2nd President of Kenya H.E the Former President Daniel Toroitich arap Moi. It is in the heart of the former Rift Valley Province with 6 Constituencies including, Baringo Central, Baringo South, Eldama Ravine, Mogotio, Tiaty and Baringo North. Kabarnet is the administrative capital of the county.

Baringo County is located in the former Rift Valley Province of Kenya, it borders the following Counties; Turkana to the North and North East, Samburu and Laikipia to the East, Nakuru to the South, Kericho and Uasin Gishu to the South West, Elgeyo Marakwet to the West, and West Pokot to the North West.

  1. Area (Km2): 11,015 Km 2
  2. Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 35.0 °C in different parts of the county.
  3. Rainfall: The rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500mm in the highlands to 600mm per annum in the lowlands.
  4. Road Network: Bitumen Surface (269.0 Km), Gravel Surface (387.4 Km), Earth Surface (1,517.3 Km).
  5. Key National Monument(s): Lake Bogoria’s Geysers and Hotsprings, The Equator Crossing at Mogotio.

The major topographical features in the county are river valleys and plains, the Tugen Hills, the floor of the Rift Valley and the northern plateau. One of the prominent river valleys is the Kerio valley. It is situated in the Western part of the county and is a fair flat plain. In the eastern part of the county near lakes Baringo and Bogoria is the Loboi plain covered mainly by the lacustrine salt-impregnated silt deposits.

The Tugen Hills in the southwestern part of the county form a conspicuous topographical feature in the county. The altitude varies from 1000m to 2600m above sea level.

The hills occur in a north-south direction and mainly consist of volcanic rocks. The hills have steep slopes dissected by gullies. On the eastern and western parts of the hills there are escarpments and rivers flowing down these hills pass through very deep gorges.

Constituencies in Baringo County

  1. Baringo East Constituency
  2. Baringo West Constituency
  3. Baringo Central Constituency
  4. Mochongoi Constituency
  5. Eldama Ravin Constituency

Baringo County Wards – County Assembly Wards in Baringo County

  1. Tiaty:  Tirioko, Kolowa, Ribkwo, Silale, Loiyamorok, Tangulbei/Korossi, and Churo/Amaya
  2. Baringo North: Barwessa, Kabartonjo, Saimo/Kipsaraman, Saimo/Soi, and Bartabwa
  3. Baringo Central: Kabarnet, Sacho, Tenges, and Kapropita
  4. Baringo South: Mukutani, Marigat, Ilchamus, and Mochongoi
  5. Mogotio: Mogotio, Emining, and Kisanana
  6. Eldama Ravine: Lembus, Lembus, Kwen, Ravine, Mumberes/Maji Mazuri, Lembus/Perkerra, and Koibatek

Social Cultural Practices in Baringo County

Baringo county is a melting pot of cultures. The many communities including the Pokot, Ilchamus, Tugen and a host of other Kenyan communities that have found a home in Baringo County is what makes Baringo the ideal definition of social and cultural diversity.

Economic Activities in Baringo County

AgricultureThe major farming activities include dairy farming and growing of maize, groundnuts, cotton and coffee. The remainder of the county is mainly rangelands with the rearing of goats, sheep, cattle and camels and bee keeping forming the major livestock activities.

The mean annual maximum temperature in the county ranges between 250 and 300 Celsius in the southern part. In the northern part, the temperature is about 300 and occasionally rises to over 350 Celsius. The hottest months are from January to March. The mean annual minimum temperature varies from 160 to 180 Celsius but can drop to as low as 100 Celsius in the Tugen Hills.

The main factor influencing the variations in temperature is the altitude. In the highlands of the Tugen Hills with an altitude of 2600mm, the temperatures are much lower than in the lowlands of Marigat, Kerio Valley and Nginyang where the altitude ranges between 762 and 1000m above sea level.

Baringo County Economy Fact-File

Poverty Level: 58.5 %
 Age Dependency Ratio: 100:107
 Resources:  Arable Land, Forests, Wildlife, Seasonal Rivers, Lakes, Geysers and Hotsprings
 Tourist Attractions: Lakes Baringo and Bogoria, Ol Kokwe Island, Ruko Conservancy, Escarpments
 Financial Services:   6 Commercial Banks, 2 Micro-Finance Institutions
 Main Economic Activities/industries: Pastoralism, Agriculture, Mixed Farming, Sand Harvesting

Agriculture  in Baringo County

Farmers at Ketiptergek irrigation Scheme Livestock keeping and crop farming are the main economic backbone of Baringo County. Being home to more 2 million livestock, a lot of emphasis is laid on this sector as a spring board towards economic empowerment.

Being a largely semi arid area, the county government has put lots of emphasis on irrigation as opposed to reliance on rainfall for crop production. This is characterized by establishment of over 3000 acres of irrigated land in 13 irrigation schemes where farmers grow cereals, fruits and vegetables in Ng’enyin, Emining, ketiptergek,Rebeko, Mukuyuni, Kapkelewa and other schemes.

To eradicate diseases occasioned by thick infection to livestock, the County government of Baringo has constructed more than 70 cattle dips and 182 rehabilitated and also 1440 litres of acarricides given across the County. Over 300 000 livestock vaccinated against ECF, Foot and Mouth and Rift Valley Fever(RVF).

Farmers have an easy time preparing for planting season using 20 tractors acquired by the county. Last year, 1536 acres of land was ploughed using the tractors by farmers across the county at a subsidized cost. Furthermore, 31 green houses have been issued and more than 60,810 kg of fertilizer distributed to farmers to boost crop yields.
Some of the tractors bought by the county governmentTo improve animal breeds for better production, 79 heifers, 39 pedigree bulls, 190 galla goats, 153 dorper sheep and 4,206 cockerels have been handed over to farmers across the County. For maximum benefits to be derived from farming activities, value addition is essential. In this regard, the County has supplied 14 milk coolers to dairy farmers in cooperatives, constructed 10 hay stores for pasture storage, availed 31 AI kits and Nitrogen semen containers to farmers.

In apiculture, 14,495 beehives have been given out to farmers to boost honey production. Support to fish farmers through the provision of pond liners, fingerlings and fish feed is going on as well. At least 51,130 farmers have been reached with agricultural extension services.

Education in Baringo County

Baringo County has 349 Primary Schools, 34 Secondary Schools and 6 Tertiary training institutions (colleges, Polytechnics etc).
Enrolment of girls in Primary Schools is higher than that of boys while in secondary schools is lower than that of boys. The primary school going age population is growing fairly rapidly. The population of this age group was 80,230 in year 2009. The county will therefore need to invest in the provision of education facilities to cater for the increasing demand bearing in mind that the gross enrollment rate is 90%.

For the secondary school going age group, the population was estimated at 34,140 by 2009. However the gross enrollment rate is low at 25% which means that the facilities are underutilized either due to high drop out rates or the fact that most students opt to join secondary schools outside the county. Both the primary and secondary school going age constitute 35.9% of the total population

 Baringo County Education Fact-file

 Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (587) Secondary (103)
 Primary: Enrolment (142,127)
Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:27 (Public Schools)
 Secondary: Enrolment (18,959)
 Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:27 (Public Schools)
 Tertiary:   At least 12 (Polytechnics, Teacher Training Colleges and Commercial Colleges)
 Adult Literacy Classes: Enrolment (2,506)

Health in Baringo County

Baringo County has 89 health facilities distributed all over the county. Most of them are under-utilized due to lack of staff and equipment. The average distance to the nearest health centre is 15km.

The most prevalent diseases in the county are Malaria, upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and Pneumonia. Thus programmes of Primary Health Care (PHC); and STI/STD including HIV/AIDS should be put in place.

The causes of infant deaths are due to respiratory diseases, pneumonia, malaria, worms and diarrhoea. In the Valley deaths are mainly due to malaria, while in the Highlands deaths are due to pneumonia and respiratory diseases. Another cause of mortality is the effect of HIV/AIDS leading to orphan-hood; single parents; child headed family, child labour and street children.

HIV/AIDs pandemic is not only a health problem but also a development issue as it encompasses socio-economic and cultural dimensions. As in the rest of the country, prevalence is higher in the Urban than in the rural areas with 90% of the infections being among the people aged between 15-49 years and 5-10% of the infections occurring in children under five years.

Most AIDs deaths are occur between the ages of 25-35 fro men and 20-30 for women which are the most productive age. HIV prevalence varies markedly between regions within the county but all regions are affected and over 40% of hospital beds are occupied by HIV/AIDs patients.

Culture/beliefs is promoting in-faction in salient way in the name of preserving culture. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is also contributing to HIV spread.

Baringo County health Fact-file

Health Facilities: 184 – District Hospitals (4), Sub-District Hospitals (1), Dispensaries (156), Health Centres (19), Medical Clinics (2), Others (2)
 Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:57,381 (Baringo District), 1:34,716 (Koibatek District)
 Infant Mortality Rates: Data: 63/1000
 Under Five Mortality Rates: 80/1000
 Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Pneumonia, Respiratory Tract infections, Worms, Diarrhoea
 Notable Hospitals: Kabarnet, Chemolingot, Eldama Ravine and Kabartonjo Districts Hospitals


Jobs in Baringo County and Baringo Vacancies

Baringo County Jobs opportunities for all qualified personnel and those who would wish to work with Baringo County government. Jobs in Baringo County are posted on the county website.

Baringo county jobs are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access Jobs in Baringo County click the link: for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Baringo County Tenders

Baringo county tenders are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access tenders in Baringo county click the link: for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Baringo County Governor and Deputy Governor

The current governor of Baringo County is Benjamin Cheboi and the deputy governor is Mathew Tuitoek.

Facts About Baringo County

Area (Km 2): 11,015 Km 2
 Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 35.0 °C in different parts of the county.
The rainfall varies from 1,000 to 1,500mm in the highlands to 600mm per annum in the lowlands.
 Road Network: Bitumen Surface (269.0 Km), Gravel Surface (387.4 Km), Earth Surface (1,517.3 Km)

 Key National Monument(s): Lake Bogoria’s Geysers and Hotsprings, The Equator Crossing at Mogotio

Population in Baringo County

Population: 555,561 (Male – 50 %, Female – 50 %)
 Population Density: 50 people per Km 2
 National Percentage:  1.4 %
 Annual Growth Rate: 2.6 %
 Age Distribution: 0-14 years (48.4 %), 15-64 years (48.2 %), 65+ years (3.3 %)
 Number of Households: 110,649

 Baringo County Government Structure

 County Capital: Kabarnet Town
 Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Baringo East, North, and Central, Mogotio, and Eldama Ravine)
 Registered Voters: 167,748
 National percentage: 1.3 %
 Number of Districts (2009): 2 (Baringo, Koibatek)
 Number of Local Authorities (2010): 4 (Municipal Council of Kabarnet, County Councils of Baringo and Koibatek, and Town Council of Eldama Ravine)

Baringo County Population

The Population of Baringo County is

Tourism in Baringo County

The region has picturesque landscapes that include among others;

  1. Waterfalls: – Torok and Kessup in Keiyo county, Arror and Embobut in Marakwet county.
  2. Cliffs: – Rondinin (Simut) and Kipngochoch in Baringo county and Kamriny in Keiyo county.
  3. Valleys: – The great rift valley (Kerio valley and Suguta valley)
  4. Hills/Escapement: – Cherangany hills in Marakwet and West Pokot county, Elgeyo Escapement in Keiyo county, Seker hills in Westpokot county, Tugen hills in Baringo county and Mogila hills in Turkana county.
  5. Gorges: – Turkwel gorge in West Pokot county and Chebloch in Baringo and Keiyo countys border.

Wildlife in Baringo County

Baringo County is home to wide rage of wildlife which is a major tourism attraction. The main reserves and sanctuaries are lakes Bogoria, Baringo, Kapnarok, Nasolot, Saiwa swamp, Rimon and lake Turkana. The main type of wildlife includes Elephants, Buffaloes, Crocodile, Hippos and various birds. These are fond in national parks and reserves.

The game reserves and other attraction are popular both to local people and foreigners. Average numbers of annual visitors to game reserves in atypical year are averagely appreciating annually

Other Attractions in Baringo County

Besides the above mentioned attractions there are other attractions like:

1. Lakes in Baringo County

The region has three natural lakes namely: – Turkana, Baringo and Bogoria. Water sports such as boat and canoe tours have been introduced in Lakes Turkana and Baringo and attract non-residents tourists.

Lake Bogoria

Category: Tourist Attractions in Baringo County

Lake Bogoria in Baringo County is a popular tourist attraction site due to its active geyser. The geysers produce stream reach in sulphur compounds, which are believed to be medicinal. In the same area are not – which have been harnessed by the local noted industry.

For more information visit: Lake Bogoria

Lake Baringo

Category: Tourist Attractions in Baringo County

Lake Baringo is, after Lake Turkana, the most northern of the Great Rift Valley lakes of Kenya, with a surface area of about 130 sq km. The lake is fed by two rivers, El Molo and Ol Arabel and has no obvious outlet, despite this it being one of the two freshwater lakes in the Rift Valley in Kenya, the other being Lake Naivasha. It lies off the beaten track in a hot and dusty setting and over 470 species of birds have been recorded there, occasionally including migrating flamingos.

The area is little affected by tourism and is situated at the southern end of a region of Kenya inhabited largely by pastoralist ethnic groups including Chamus, Rendille, Turkana and Kalenjin.

Fish stocks in the lake are now low and water levels have been reduced by droughts and over-irrigation. The lake has several small islands, by far the largest being Ol Kokwe Island. The main town on its shore is Loruk, while smaller settlements include Kampi ya Samaki.

For more information visit: Lake Baringo

2. Museum in Baringo County

Artifacts depicting the cultural history of the regions communities have been collected and are played in museums. Visitors to museums are over 2000 annually. These museums are strategically located along the northwestern tourist circuit.

3. Ruko conservancy

Category: Tourists Attractions in Baringo County

Ruko Conservancy is a 19,000 hectare area to the North and East of Lake Baringo, consisting of bushland and about 10 kms of shoreline.

For more information visit: Ruko Conservancy

Baringo County
Baringo County

Tourist Attraction in Baringo County – Overview

The bubbling waters, steamy hot springs, gushing geysers and ostriches are among the major attractions in Lake Bogoria and Kapedo hotsprings.

Baringo County boasts of high class tourist resort centers, among them Lake Bogoria Spa Resort and Papyrus Inn hotels which are able to accommodate high end visitors. Besides this, Endorois cultural dancers in the nearby cultural village entertain tourists visiting the national reserve after paying a small fee for the group.

There are also isolated forests on top of Tugen hills, Laikipia escarpment and Eldama Ravine which make the county beautiful and a place to visit regularly. Examples are Ol’Arabel, Tenges, Kipngochoch, Kabarnet, Katimok and Saimo forests.

Apart from being good catchment areas for birds, wildlife, picnics and eco-tourism, forests encourage soil conservation through terracing, vegetable growing, beekeeping and practice better relations between livestock and environment. Lomechang caves are also of great importance.

Lake Baringo has 13 islands and other breathtaking views that provide magnificent scenery of the lake. The largest island is called Olkokwe, which means in Ilchamus a meeting place. The other island is Samatian that is small but with breathtaking views across the bronze waters of the lake.

Other interesting tourist locations in the lake are Soi Safari Lodge, Lake Baringo Club as well as Reptile Park, which is one of the largest reptile parks in the Rift Valley, and Ruko wildlife conservancy with a lot of interesting and lovely attractions ranging from wildlife to cultural villages.

One also finds the Korosoi volcano which rises 1,449m above sea level. Visitors find them ideal for watching birds such as bat hawks and majestic verreauxs eagle.

Kabarnet National Museum and Kipsaraman Community Museum are located on top of Tugen Hills. The two museums form unique tourist sites with varied attractions and house traditional Kalenjin artifacts which include musical instruments, storage equipments, furniture and ornamental decorations.

At Eldama Ravine, there are the Kursalal falls, a stunning waterfall within Lembus forests.

Main wildlife in Baringo County

Baringo County has Lake Bogoria National Game Reserve which is 107 square kilometres .The acacia woodlands in the national game reserve is the home to many wild animals, among them rare kudus, antelopes, zebras, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, mongoose, monkeys, baboons and jackals.

There are more than two millions lesser flamingoes, 350 bird species and more than two million lesser flamingoes roaming in the national park especially along the shores of the lake Bogoria.

Lake Baringo has 450 bird species such as Pale and dark phase Gabar Goshawk, Paradise Flycatcher, African Fish Eagles, Marabou Stocks, Shikra and White- faced scops owl, Hemphrick”s Hornbill (along the cliffs),the African darter and occasionally the African Skimmer. Apart from viewing several birds in the lake, visitors have the opportunity to view crocodiles, hippopotomus, the imposing Laikipia escarpment as well as the dramatic Tugen hills.

Lake Baringo Snake Park has snake species such as the Black Mamba, Puff Adder, Boomslang and Spiting Cobra, Monitor Lizards, Crocodiles, Tortoises, and harmless Stripes bellied sand snakes.

Top Best Accomodation and Hotels in Baringo County

Soi Safari lodge

Category: Hotels in Baringo County

On the shores of Lake Baringo, Soi Safari Lodge consists of 2 large rondavels set in gardens dotted with ostriches and peacocks. The hotel opened in 2001, and added a new wing in 2007.

For more information visit: Soi Safari Lodge

Lake Bogoria Hotel and Spa Resort

Category: Hotels in Baringo County

Channelling the therapeutic hot spring geysers of Bogoria through its natural swimming pool, Lake Bogoria Spa Resort has been referred to as the healing place.

For more information visit: Lake Bogoria Hotel and spa Resort

Taidy’s Hotel

Category: Hotels in Baringo County

For more information visit: Taidy’s Hotel

The following list shows some of the tourist class hotels and their bed capacity in Baringo County

  • Sportsline Hotel, Kabarnet, 28
  • Sinkoro Hotel Ltd, Kabarnet, 50
  • Kabarnet Hotel, Kabarnet, 50
  • Taidy’s Hotel in Eldama Ravine, 64
  • Chambai Hotel in Eldama Ravine, 150
  • Soi Safari lodge, 70
  • Lake Bogoria Hotel and Spa Resort, 80

Baringo County Map

Baringo County
Baringo County

Baringo County Contacts


Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
TEL: 053-22290

Baringo County Website



Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
TEL: 053-22290 or
MOBILE: 0722 490 081


Baringo County Government,
P.O BOX 53-30400,
TEL: 053-22290 or

Baringo County Video