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Busia County News

Busia County is located in western Kenya, it borders Lake Victoria to the South West, the Republic of Uganda to the West, North and North East, and the following Counties; Bungoma and Kakamega to the East, and Siaya to the South East and South.

Most parts of Busia County fall within the Lake Victoria Basin. The altitude is undulating and rises from about 1,130m above sea level at the shores of Lake Victoria to a maximum of about 1,500m in the Samia and North Teso Hills. The central part of the county, especially Butula and Nambale Sub-counties, are occupied by a peneplains marked by low flat divides of approximately uniform height, often capped by lateritic and a shallowly incised swampy drainage system.

The Samia Hills represent the basement complex and consist of acid and sub-acid lavas, tuffs, and agglomerates, banded quartzite and iron stones. The Kavirondo series rocks are developed around Busia, Nambale and Butula while the granites dominate the northern parts of county.

The northern part of the central region features granitic out crops, which is essentially part of the peneplains and is characterized by the presence of large granitic hills and tor such as Amukura and Chelelemuk.

The southern part is covered by a range of hills comprising the Samia and Funyula Hills which run from the north east to the south west culminating at Port Victoria; forming a very conspicuous topographic feature.

The southernmost part of the county is covered by the Yala Swamp which is a down warped area associated with the formation of Lake Victoria. The area forms a colony of papyrus growth and is broken by irregular water channels and occasional small dams with grassy islands. This area is covered with locustrine and alluvial deposits of recent and Pleistocene times.

Other rivers that form the drainage system in the county includes Malakisi river to the extreme north, Malaba in the northern entry of the central region and River Sio in Samia and Nambale Sub-counties and river Nzoia that drains into Lake Victoria through Bunyala Subcounty.

Busia County Population Size and Composition

The 2012 population of Busia was estimated to be 816,452 with females numbering 425,622 (53.13%) and the males 390,830 (47.87%) respectively. By the year 2017, the population is estimated to have grown to a total of 953,337(456,356 males and 496,981 females). Out of the estimated total population in 2012, a total of 144,616 (17.71%) people were below the age of five years while in 2017 the number is expected to be 168, 862.

Busia County Population Density and Distribution

The settlement pattern of the people in Busia County ranges from evenly distributed in Matayos Sub-county to sparsely distributed in both Teso South and Teso North Sub-counties. Fairly high concentration of people is found in the main urban areas of Busia, Port Victoria, Bumala, Nambale, Malaba and Funyula. However, the hilly areas in Funyula and Budalang’i Sub-counties and the wetland areas especially in the southern part of Budalang’i have low concentration of people.

Busia County Human Development Approach

The human development paradigm takes people as the primary actors in improving their own welfare through economic, social and political empowerment. The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment in which people can enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. People are the real wealth of nations and counties. Article 27 of the Constitution of Kenya (2010) stipulates that measures should be put in place to encourage affirmative action programmes, plans and policies to address past inequalities. Economic and social rights to all are also recognized in Article 43. Whereas the significance of GDP growth and economic stability should not be understated, the ultimate yardstick for measuring progress is people’s quality of life. This quality is measured using the Human Development Index (HDI).The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: living a long and healthy life (measured by life expectancy), being educated (measured by adult literacy and enrolment at the primary, secondary and tertiary level) and having a decent standard of living (measured by purchasing power parity, PPP, income).The Kenya Human Development Report (2009) introduced a new measure for youth development in Kenya, the Youth Development Index (YDI). The index was at 0.5817 nationally but also depicted variations across the regions. The index is a composite of education, income and survivorship (health) dimensions. The YDI average for Western region was 0.5351. For Busia County, the critical Human Development Indicators are: life expectancy, infant mortality, adult literacy, school enrolment, retention, performance, and transition in primary, secondary and tertiary levels, gender parity and GDP per capita.

The County’s life expectancy is 47 years compared to national average of 56 years. The infant mortality in the county is estimated at 65/1000 against a national average of 74/1000. The County literacy level stands at 75.3 per cent of population aged 15 years and above who can read and write as compared to national figure of 79 per cent. The primary school Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) was 81 per cent of all the children aged between 6 and 13 years in 2012. Total enrolment in secondary school was 20 per cent of the secondary school going age of between 14-17 years. The low enrolment rates can be attributed to poverty, inadequate physical infrastructure and poor retention, poor performance at primary levels, and low transition rates from primary to secondary. Regarding gender equity and equality, the County, like the rest of Western Kenya experiences gender-based disadvantage in three dimensions—reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market. The Kenya Human Development Report (2009) indicates that the country’s overall Gender Inequality Index (GII) is 0.651. The GII index for Western region stands at 0.457. This is however, not equal everywhere as there are County and Sub-County disparities within the region. Improving equity in gender issues and reducing gender disparities will benefit all sectors and thus contribute to sustainable economic growth, poverty reduction and social injustices. Busia County poverty level is at 64.2 per cent compared to national poverty level of 45.9 per cent. This poverty level is very high by any standards and requires concerted efforts by all stakeholders in the County to address this menace.

To address the identified education and literacy challenges, there is need to mobilize additional resources to finance infrastructural facilities in the learning institutions in the county. Similarly, bursary funds should be set aside to cater for the bright and needy students so as to achieve the universal education as envisioned in the Kenya Vision 2030 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The HIV and AIDs prevalence rate in the County was estimated at 7.4 per cent (KDHS 2009) in 2012 against a national average of 6.4 per cent. This affects virtually all the aspects of the Human Development Index (HDI). The County therefore needs to integrate its plans and programmes with development stakeholders including the National Government, Civil society, national and international development partners as well as private sector to ensure sustainable improvement of the County’s HDI.

Busia County Infrastructure and Access

Infrastructure relates to networks of communication such as roads, railways, ports, airstrips, mobile telephony, post offices and courier services. It also includes, water and sewerage systems, drainage systems, energy, strategic installations such as disaster response units, tools and equipment.

Tourist Attractions in Busia County

Busia County is endowed with Incredible beautiful natural features that include the awesome Lake Victoria, Africa’s biggest and the world’s second fresh water lake, and large Nzoia and Yala Rivers. natural habitat like Yala Swamp, Sango Delta, Sumba, Nabaduma and Khanete Islands , Busia, Wanga, Munjoga and Namenya Hills in Bunyala, all teeming with rich wildlife.

Intoxicating cultural heritage in Samia and Bunyala that includes boat racing festivals, riveting music fusions and age-old cuisines.Strategic location with direct access to the Great lakes that make the county an attractive for investment targeting regional markets such as Uganda, Rwanda, DR Congo and Southern Sudan.

Ready opportunities that include cage-fish farming, fish processing, rice milling, the weaving industry, water sports, resorts and wildlife sanctuaries on the shores of Lake Victoria.With the setting up of university campuses and Technical Institutes across the county, the expected sharp rise in the demand for housing, hotels, insurance, banking and transport services.Abundance of land suitable for agricultural production and other productive activities, including industrial and business establishments.

Busia County Jobs

Busia County Jobs opportunities for all qualified personnel and those who would wish to work with Busia County government. Jobs in Busia County are posted on the county website.

Jobs in Busia County are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access these Busia county jobs advertisement click the link for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Busia County Tenders

Busia county tenders are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access tenders in Busia county click the link: for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Busia County Governor and Deputy Governor

The current governor of Busia County is Hon.  Sospeter Odeke Ojaamong and the deputy governor is Hon. Kizito Osore Wangalwa.

Constituencies in Busia County

  1. Teso North Constituency
  2. Teso South Constituency
  3. Nambale Constituency
  4. Matayos Constituency
  5. Butula Constituency
  6. Funyula Constituency
  7. Budalangi Constituency

Busia County Wards

Details about Busia County Wards will be updated soon…

Busia County Administrative Units

Busia County is divided into seven administrative Sub-counties namely Funyula, Budalang’i, Butula, Matayos, Nambale, Teso North and Teso South. These Sub-counties are further divided into 10 divisions, 60 locations and 181 sub-locations under the National Government’s County administration

Busia County

Facts About Busia County

Area (Km 2): 1,695 Km 2

 Climate/Weather: The average temperature is 22°C and the rainfall amount ranges between 750mm and 1,800mm per annum.

 Road Network: Bitumen Surface, Gravel Surface, Earth Surface (Data Not Available)

Key National Monument(s): Kakapel National Monument

Busia County Population

Population: 743,946 (Male – 48 %, Female – 52 %)

Population Density: 439 people per Km 2

 National Percentage: 1.93 %

 Annual Growth Rate: 2.9 %

 Age Distribution: 0-14 years (47.9 %), 15-64 years (48.4 %), 65+ years (3.7 %)

 Number of Households: 154,225

Busia County Government

County Capital: Busia Town (proposed)

 Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Amagoro, Budalangi, Butula, Funyula, Nambale)

 Registered Voters: 231,513

 National percentage: 1.8 %

 Number of Districts (2009): 2 (Busia and Teso)

 Number of Local Authorities (2010): 7 (Municipal Council of Busia, County Councils of Busia and Teso, Town Councils of Funyula, Nambale, Port Victoria, and Malaba)

Economy of Busia County

 Poverty Level: 66 %

 Age Dependency Ratio: 100:107

Resources: Arable Land, Livestock, Water, Pasture, Forests

 Tourist Attractions: Kakapel National Monument, Lake Victoria Viewpoint

 Financial Services: 8 Commercial Banks, 4 Micro-Finance Institutions

 Main Economic Activities/industries: Trade, Agriculture, Tourism, Fishing, Commercial Businesses

 Agricultural products: Livestock Products, Maize, Cassava, Millet, Sweet Potatoes, Beans, Rice

 Education of Busia County

Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (420), Secondary (90)

 Primary: Enrolment (220,101)

 Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:64 (Public Schools)

 Secondary: Enrolment (21,794)

 Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:33 (Public Schools)

 Tertiary: Over 10 (Comprised of Youth Polytechnics, TTCs, and Several Commercial Colleges)

 Adult Literacy Classes: Enrolment (Data Not Available)

 Health in Busia County

Health Facilities: 81; District Hospitals (4), Sub-District Hospitals (2), Dispensaries (49), Health Centres (12), Medical Clinics (10), Nursing Homes (3), Others (1)

Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:41,200 (Busia), 1:45,372 (Teso)

 Infant Mortality Rates: 75/1000

 Under Five Mortality Rates: 111/1000

 Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Respiratory Transmitted Infections, Diarrhoea, Digestive System Diseases

 Notable Hospitals: Port Victoria, Sio Port, Teso, and Busia Districts Hospitals

Busia County Map

Busia County Map

Contact Busia County

Postal address:

County Government of Busia

P.O BOX Private Bag

50400 Busia (K)


Busia County Contacts