Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Biography
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was born on 2nd September, 1924 in a small village of Kurieng’wo in Sacho Location of Baringo District. He was named after his father Kimoi arap Chebii a sot clan herdsman whose ancestors had migrated from the slopes of Mt. Kenya. They settled in the Tugen Hills to avoid intermittent skirmishes with the Maasai in the 19th Century.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was the 5th child of Kabon, Chebii’s senior wife. Moi was named Toroitich which means ‘welcome home the cattle’ espousing how central cattle were in their existence.At the age of four, Moi’s father died and his elder brother Tuitoek played a guardian role. It was Tuitoek who influenced him to go to school at an early age as a way of running away from poverty and injustices that characterised colonial rule.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Education Background
1950 : he attended a course at the Jeans School (Kenya Institute of Administration
1949 : Kagumo College
1945 : Joined Alliance High School
Government African School, Kapsabet
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1938 : African Inland Mission, Kapsabet
1934 : African Inland Mission school, Kabartonjo
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Job History
1999 – 2000 : Chairman of COMESA
1996 – 2002: Chairman of E.A. Co-operation
1993 – 1998 : Chairman of Inter-Governmental Authority on Development IGAD
1989 – 1990 : Chairman of Preferential Trade Area
1981 – 1983 : Chairman of the Organization Of African Unity(OAU)
1949 : Teacher Trainer ; Tambach Government African School
Head teacher at Kabarnet
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Family
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi married Helena (Lena) Bommet in 1950 and they were blessed with 8 children; 3 daughters and five sons, (Jennifer, Doris and adopted daughter June; Jonathan, Raymond, John Mark, Philip and Gideon).
In 1950 he attended a course at the Jeans School (Kenya Institute of Administration) and was posted to Govt African School, Kabarnet where he taught Teachers upto 1955
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Political Career
In 1955 Daniel Toroitich arap Moi joined politics. His entry into politics followed a meeting with a group of freedom fighters under the command of Brig. Daniel Njuguna who visited him in June 1955. He was sympathetic to their cause and after feeding and protecting them for two weeks he gave them food and money to further their cause.
In October 1955 the electoral college selected Moi from a list of eight nominated candidates to fill a vacancy left by Joseph ole Tameno who resigned from the unofficial benches of the legislative council.
Moi emmersed himself in politics with resistance. As he sat as a member of the Legislative Council with only other four African members on October 18th, 1955 Moi did not know what was in store for him. He however swiftly adapted to the new challenges and in the following year he moved a motion in the Legislative Council (Legco) demanding that African teachers be allowed to form their own association. Thus Kenya National Union of Teachers was formed and registered in 1957.
Brought up in strong Kalenjin culture, Moi is a firm believer in justice, honesty and fairness to all. He worked alongside other leaders like Eliud Mathu, Ronald Ngala and Masinde Muliro in agitating for the release of Jomo Kenyatta and greater African representation in the Legco.
In 1959, he led a group of leaders to visit Jomo Kenyatta in detention in Lodwar. Subsequently, Moi was among the Kenyan delegation under the auspices of KADU who went to the London Constitutional talks of June 1960.
Just before independence (1961), Moi was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry for Education and later served in the ministries of Education and Local Government in the coalition Government. He served as Minister for Local Government at age 37. As all-conference Chairman of KADU, Moi saw the intricacy of politics and opted for a united and nationalistic approach leading to the dissolution of KADU in November, 1964.
In January 1967, Jomo Kenyatta appointed Toroitich arap Moi, now aged 43, as his Vice-President following the resignation of Mr.Joseph Murumbi.
Moi became President following the death of Mzee Kenyatta on 22 August 1978.
Since independence in 1963, Moi has won all elections as a Member of Parliament for Baringo Central and as President in both single-party and the multi-party era.
His leadership has seen many ups and downs. The major test was in August 1982 when a detachment of Airforce soldiers attempted to overthrow his government but they were crushed.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi as a peace keeper
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi has travelled widely in search for peace in Africa and the world. Many a times he has been called upon as a president to provide peace keeping forces in troubled parts of the world like Chad, Uganda, Namibia, Mozambique, Iran/Iraq, Kuwait, Yugoslavia, Liberia, Morocco, Angola, Serbia/ Croatia, D.R. Congo, Sierra Leone and East Timor.
At various fora, Moi has stressed that unless Africans cement their unity and solidarity, solutions to the many internal and external hazards afflicting Africa will remain elusive. He has argued that the hard won independence stands in jeopardy unless Africans embrace co-operation as a means of faster and more diversified economic development. Moi has supported the formation of regional economic bodies to increase trade and as a means for the developing countries to have a united voice in the global economy.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi – Failed Coup of 1982
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was faced with the Kikuyu and the Luo , two powerful tribes that made up the service since independence in Kenya. They saw little of President Moi as belonging to the Kalenjin, a minority group. On August 1, 1982 committed airforce soldiers Hezekiah Ochuka and Pancras Oteyo Okumu (the latter was a sergeant) with a group of conspirators a failed coup. Most of the air force soldiers who participated in the coup attempt, were among the Kikuyu and the Luo. Ochuka and Okumu knew a way to Tanzania to escape and were given asylum there. When the coup was averted, the 2000-man air force was disbanded and 65 people were sentenced to prison terms up to 25 years.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi strict regime
After the failed coup attempt Kenya turned into an authoritarian-ruled state. People could be put firmly without trial if the authorities deemed it necessary. Prisoners were often tortured.
The growing influence of the Soviet Union in (Eastern) Africa Moi did decide to build good relations with the West, particularly the United States . The US was in the eighties the right to open bases at the Kenyan coast. The US was also a major donor to Kenya, but then the torture stopped the increased US development assistance to Kenya. The US and other Western countries put pressure on Daniel Toroitich arap Moi to the human rights respect and democratic to implement reforms. Among the few groups in their own country who dared to criticize the regime of Moi, were among the churches (both the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant churches). Their criticism attracted – believing Christian – President still something about it. In 1991, the multiparty system was introduced. The presidential elections of 1992 and 1997 were won by Moi. However, it is suspected that the election results were manipulated.
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi Retirement from Politics
Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was in accordance with the constitution does not participate in the presidential elections of 2002. As a candidate of his KANU party Moi moved Uhuru Kenyatta as presidential candidate forward. Moi hoped Uhuru Kenyatta, son of Kenya’s first president Jomo Kenyatta , would win the elections and that the KANU so would remain in the saddle. The Rainbow Coalition of Mwai Kibaki won the presidential election. On December 30, 2002 Kibaki was installed as president of Kenya.
Currently, Moi is setting up a foundation through which he hopes to participate in solving conflicts in the horn of African and the Great Lakes Region as well as help rehabilitate street children and those orphaned by HIV/aids
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