Kilifi County News
Kilifi County covers a total surface area of 12,610 km2 and accounts for 2.17 per cent of Kenya’s total surface area. It borders Tana River county to the North, Taita Taveta county to the West, Mombasa county and Kwale county to the South and the Indian Ocean to the East.
Major Towns in Kilifi County
The County’s capital is the coastal town of Kilifi which lies on the Kilifi Creek between Mombasa and Malindi towns. Other major towns include:
Geography, Climate and Weather
The topography of the county is dominated by low-range sand-stone hills, and a terrain that generally slopes towards the sea. Kilifi County has 21 forests cumulatively, covering 246 km2. River Sabaki, a perennial fresh water river, runs 150km across the county, supporting various human and livestock activities. Seasonal rivers in the county include the Nzovuni, Rare, Goshi and Wimbi. There are also many seasonal streams found across the county.
The average annual rainfall ranges from 300mm in the hinterland parts of the County to 1,300mm along the coastal belt.
The People of Kilifi County
Based on the 2009 Kenya Population and Housing Census, the county had about 200 000 households and a population of 1,109,735 which accounted for 2.9 percent of the total Kenyan population.
The main communities residing in Kilifi County include seven Mijikenda sub-groups (Giriama, Chonyi, Jibana, Kambe,Kauma, Rabai and Ribe), the Bajuni, Swahili, and people of Arab, Indian and European descent who have permanently settled in the county. There are other Kenyan communities who have also settled in the County because of their employment or for purposes of doing business. Over time, these people have had close interactions with each other, and fostered the Swahili culture and language. Most of the people in Kilifi County are either Christians or Muslims, though other smaller religious communities exist.
Administrative Units in Kilifi County
Kilifi county has 6 administrative districts, namely:
Constituencies in Kilifi County
The county is divided into 7 constituencies and 35 wards.
The constituencies are:
- Kilifi South Constituency
- Kilifi North Constituency
- Kaloleni Constituency
- Rabai Constituency
- Ganze Constituency
- Malindi Constituency
- Magarini Constituency
Economy of Kilifi County
More than half of the land in Kilifi is arable, however only 31% of the farmers hold titles to their land.
Maize and cassava are the main subsistence crops grown in the County.
The main cash crops grown in the county include coconuts, cashew nuts, sisal and citrus fruits such as mangoes and pineapples.
Potential crops for cultivating in Kilifi
The average precipitation of 900 mm and mean-annual temperature of 27°C hold potential for agricultural development. Horticultural crops and vegetables such as chillies, brinjals, okra, onions and tomatoes can be cultivated along the Coastal plains. Staples like maize, rice, bananas, cow peas, green grams and beans can also do well. Northwards, along the Sokoke Forest, is land with medium agricultural potential. Further north, are the pineapple fields in Magarini district that can provide large scale farming. Jatropha, aloe vera and vanilla grow well in the County and could be promoted for the production of bio-diesel, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and food products.
Livestock and poultry farming is a major economic activity in the county. There are 4 private and 8 group ranches in Kilifi on which both dairy and beef cattle are kept. Other livestock species reared include goats, sheep, pigs and rabbits; mainly on small-scale basis by subsistence farmers and bee-keeping is also practised.
Opportunities exist in livestock holding grounds, ranching, export slaughterhouses and the establishment of tanneries.
Deep-sea fishing is a lucrative venture due to high demand for fish from the hotel industry. The county has 14 landing beached and over 5,000 fishermen. Sport fishing has also taken root, with fishing clubs established at various spots associated with tourist hotels and resorts.
Mining and manufacturing
Kilifi County is rich in minerals; mainly titanium and iron ore, that have spurred extensive industrial mining activities. Other minerals extracted include barites, galena, rubies, pozzolana, gypsum and limestone. Salt mining and sand harvesting have been carried out over the years to take advantage of the sandy, salty waters. While these are economically lucrative, they are equally responsible for destruction of its mangrove forests. As for manufacturing sector there are:
- Two Cement factories in Kaloleni (Bamburi Cement and Athi River mining)
- Salt extracting companies in Malindi
- Milly fruit processing at Mtwapa
- Sandal factory in Kikambala
- Milk processing factory in Kilifi
Tourism is very important for the country. It creates opportunities for employment in the service industries associated with it, such as transport, entertainment and advertising.
There has been an up-trend in tourism over the last few years and the County is well positioned to benefit from; local tourism, ecotourism, pro-poor tourism, educational tourism, cultural tourism and sport tourism. All these trends offer opportunities for significant growth of the tourism sector in Kilifi County.
- Rabai Church
- Gede Ruins
- Vasco da Gama Pillar
- Mnarani Ruins
- Mangrove Forests
- Arubuko Sokoke Forest which hosts the Tsavo East National Park
- Indian Ocean
- Sabaki and Rare Rivers
- Marine parks of Malindi, Watamu and Mtwapa are a great tourist attraction.
Health Facilities in Kilifi County
The county has several healthcare facilities both private, missionary and public serving the residents. Large county hospitals include:
- Kilifi District Hospital
- Malindi District Hospital
- Watamu Hospital.
Private Big hospitals include:
- Tawfiq Hospital
- Star hospital
- Wananchi Medical
- St. Peters
- BOMU medical
- Khairat Medical
Missionary Hospitals include:
- St. Lukes Hospital
- St. Benedicts
Transport in Kilifi County
The roads in the county are classified in a manner that 326.2 Km are of bitumen standards,
542.3 gravel and 1139.5 earth surface, giving a total of 2008 Kmof classified road surface within the county. The county is envisioned in the Vision 2030 to be a resort city, therefore there is need to expand Malindi airport, Kilifi and Kijipwa airstrips to cater for the expected increase of visitors and residents in the county.
Financial Institutions in Kilifi County
The county has 10 commercial banks namely; KCB, Equity, Cooperative, National Bank, Barclays, Standard Chartered Bank among others. There are 17 micro finance institutions namely Kenya Women Finance Trust, Faulu, Platinum Credit among others. SACCOs include Imarika Sacco, Lengo, Kilifi and Malindi farmers Sacco amongst others.
Education in Kilifi County
The county has 935 pre-schools, 492 primary schools, 120 secondary schools, 13 youth polytechnics, one college (KMTC- Kilifi) offering medical trainings and a total of 8 higher learning institutions namely;
- Pwani university
- Mount Kenya University(kilifi county campus)
- Kenya Utalii college(kilifi county campus)
- Nairobi university(Kilifi county campus)
- Mombasa Aviation(Kilifi County campus)
- DALC education(Kilifi county Campus)
- Kenya school of flying(kilifi county center)
Religion and Traditional Culture of the People of Kilifi County
Majority of people living in Kilifi County are either Muslims or Christians, although the County has several smaller religious communities as the Africa indigenious religion and Hindu.
Kiswahili and mijikenda languages are widely spoken within the county but mijikenda being the dominating Culture.
Kilifi County Tenders
Kilifi county tenders are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.
To access tenders in Kilifi county click the link: http://www.kilifi.go.ke/ for the latest job opportunities in the county.
Kilifi County Jobs opportunities for all qualified personnel and those who would wish to work with Kilifi County government. Jobs in Kilifi County are posted on the county website.
Jobs in Kilifi County are awarded in a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.
To access these Kilifi county jobs advertisement click the link Kilifi County Jobs for the latest job opportunities in the county.
Kilifi County Governor and Deputy Governor
The current governor of Kilifi County is Hon. Amason Jeffah Kingi and the deputy governor is Hon. Mwakombo Kamto.
Kilifi County Wards
Details about Kilifi County Wards will be updated soon…
Facts About Kilifi County
Area (Km 2): 12,639 (109 are water mass of Indian Ocean)
Climate: Two seasons of rain; temperatures 21 – 35 degrees C
Tarmaked: 147.7 Km
Gravel/Murram: 258.3 Km
Earth Surface: 656 Km
Key National Monuments: Rabai Church, Gede Ruins, Vasco da Gama Pillar, Mnarani Ruins
Kilifi County Population
Population: 1.1 Million
Male 48 %
Female 52 %
Density: 450 people per Km2
National Percentage: 2.8 %
Growth Rate: 3.05 %
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0-14 Years47 %
15-34 Years33 %
35-64 Years17 %
over 65 years4 %
Kilifi County Government
County capital: Kilifi Town
Number of Constituencies (2010): 5 (Malindi, Magarini, Kaloleni, Ganze and Bahari)
Registered Voters: 292,403
National percentage of Registered Voters: 2.32 %
Number of Districts (2009): 6 (Kilifi, Ganze, Kaloleni, Bahari, Malindi and Magarini)
Number of Local Authorities (2010): 5 (Town Councils of Kilifi and Mariakani, County Councils of Kilifi and Malindi and Municipal Council of Malindi)
Economy of Kilifi County
Resources: Natural (Iron Ore, Titanium, Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Mangroove Forests), Water (Indian Ocean, Kafuloni, Sabaki and Rare Rivers).
Financial services: Banks and Micro Finance Institutions, Decentralized Funds e.g. CDF through Constituencies & LATF
Poverty Level: 68% of population live below the poverty line
Main Economic Activities/industries: Agriculture, Tourism, Manufacturing and Fishing
Main Agricultural products: Cashew nuts, Horticulture (Flowers, Fruits, Vegetables), Sisal.
Education of Kilifi County
Primary schools: 160
Teacher : Pupil Ratio 1:39
Teacher : Pupil Ratio; 1:30
Youth Polytechnics: 10
Tertiary: Pwani University College, Bandari College, Kilifi Medical Training College
Health in Kilifi County
Hospitals: 3 District Hospitals and 2 Sub District Hospitals
Number of Doctors: 8
Doctors to Population Ratio: 1:137,500
Number of Clinical Officers: 10
Clinical Officers to Population: 1:110000
Number of Nurses: 128
Nurses to Population ratio: 1: 8,594
Infant Mortality Rates: 71 per 1000 (This for Coast Province) KDHS 2008-09
Under-Five Mortality Rates: 87per 1000 (This for Coast Province)
Prevalent Diseases: HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Diseases of the digestive System
Notable Private Hospitals: Mariakani Hospital
Kilifi County Contacts
Office of The County Secretary,
P.O Box 519 – 80108,
Kilifi County Website
Kilifi County Map