The ecosystem covers a marine area with four small islands surrounded by coral-reef. Kisite island is covered in low grass and herbs while Mpunguti Islands have dense coastal equatorial forest. Major attractions include the dolphins, coral gardens and it is an important site for snorkelling, diving and bird watching.
The Kenyan Barrier Reef
The most outstanding feature of the Kenyan coast
, the pristine and well-developed coral barrier reef extends all the way from Shimoni in the South to Malindi
in the North, without significant break, except at the mouths of the rivers. The coral reefs referred to as the rainforests of the sea, are one of the most fascinating ecosystems on earth, sheltering nearly one million types of marine life.
Enchanted Underwater Kingdom
An enchanted realm of living coral gardens, sculpted islands, wheeling seabirds and sparklingly clear waters, this world famous Marine Park promises an underwater world of unbelievable color and vibrancy. The reef provides food and shelter for an entire marine community. A shifting rainbow of small fish, octopus and clams hide in the gaps between the rainbow coral; celestial-blue parrotfish use their hard beaks to chew off lumps of coral while a kaleidoscope of soup plate sized snappers, rubber fish, Sergeant major fish, butterfly fish, angel fish and scorpion fish shimmer in the sunlight of the clear waters. Hunting rays, turtles, 1 meter long reef sharks and starfish also prowl the reef in search of prey while moray eels hide in holes alongside small crabs and wrasses (long, spiny-finned fish). Sea cucumbers, brittle stars and numerous species of mollusk also feed on algae of these warm coastal waters. Kisite Mpunguti Marine protected area features 252 species of reef fish, about 56 genera of hard corals, 2 common species of sea grass and numerous sponges.
The Park is famous for its population of turtles: Green and Hawksbill turltes normally spotted in their hang out , Kijamba cha Kasa.
Dolphin and Whale Spotting
The reef offers sanctuary to over 200 dolphins (spinner, humpback and bottle-nosed), which can be encountered as single individuals or mostly in pods of 2-25 individuals breaking above the waves. If you are fortunate enough to visit between July and December, you’ll have a chance to spot Humpback whales, which raise their calves in our warm waters, and migratory Whale sharks (the world’s largest fish).
Kisite Island, Realm of the Seabirds
Kisite Island is an Important Bird Area (IBA). IBAs are globally important habitats for conservation of bird populations. Kisite is a flat, treeless rocky outcrop with many patches of grass and surrounded by a magical sandy beach that’s exposed during low tide. This makes an ideal seabird habitat supporting the pelagic-feeders and breeding colonies of roseate and sooty terns commonly arriving to breed in July and leave with their fledglings from September.every year.
Divers and Snorkellers Paradise
Due to its warm shallow waters, exceptional clarity, pristine coral and extraordinary breadth of marine life, the Park and the Reserve offer an excellent dive sites for beginners and professionals. The warm clear waters, spectacular soft corals and kaleidoscopic marine life make this Park one of the finest snorkeling sites in East Africa
. The most popular areas lying in the main coral garden towards the outer edge of the Kisite anchorage area are clearly marked with mooring buoys
The Shimoni Slave Caves
Only five minutes walk from Shimoni Pier and well worthy a visit, are the ancient coral caves of Shimoni. They are vast and some portions are filled with fruit and insect feeding bats. Shimoni caves are reputed to extend 5 km inland connecting to the 3 sisters caves. These caves served for centuries as ‘Kayas’ or sacred sites of worship and sanctuary for the local community. Later in the 18th and 19th century, the caves are also believed to have served as the holding areas for the thousands of captured slaves who were in transit to the infamous Arabian slave markets of Zanzibar. The caves, which are run as a community project, are open from 8.30am to 6pm (a small entrance fee is payable at the gate and the moneys collected pay local teachers in primary schools and school fees for needy children).
*Visitor Tip: The best time to snorkel is two hours either side of low tide, when the greatest amount of marine life is revealed. However, its always best to visit Kisite early in the morning when the sea in calm.
How to get to Kisite Mpunguti Marine Park
- Location: Kwale District, Coast Province. The Marine Park lies 11 kms off the Kenyan Coast (at Shimoni) and 8 kms north of the Tanzanian boarder.
- Distance from Nairobi: 574 kms.
- Distance from Mombasa: 90 kms
* The Park can only be reached by boat. Contact the KWS warden (Kisite Marine National Park, KWS HQ is 200 meters south of the main Shimoni Pier) or your hotel or local travel agent.
Accommodation and hotels in Kisite Mpunguti Marine Park & Reserve
KWS Self Catering
- Shimoni Cottages
Campsites in Kisite Mpunguti Marine Park & Reserve
- Chlobus Campsite
- Mpunguti Campsite
Kisite Mpunguti Marine Park & Reserve fees
Adults KSH: 250
Child KSH: 150
Adults KSH: 350
Child KSH: 200
Non – Resident
Child USD: 15