To facilitate population management, the Government established the National Council for Population and Development (NCPD) in 1982 as a department in the Office of the Vice-President and Ministry of Home Affairs. Its role was to advise on population and development. Its mandate was contained in Sessional Paper No. 4 of 1984 on Population Policy Guidelines, which was revised and formed the backbone of Sessional Paper No. 1 of 2000 on National Population Policy for Sustainable Development (NPPSD).
NCAPD was established in 2004 as a successor to NCPD. Under NCPD, Kenya’s population programme registered many achievements. NCPD spearheaded the updating of the 1967 National Family Planning Policy and formulated Sessional Paper N0. 4 of 1984 and later reviewed it to incorporate the recommendations of the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action and came up with NPPSD.
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This was to guide the population and development agenda to 2010 and beyond. NCPD also developed the National Plan of Action to implement the NPPSD and district plans to implement and facilitated national policies on adolescent reproductive health, the youth, gender and the elderly.
NCAPD attributes the decline of population growth rate from 3.8 per cent a year to 3.3 per cent between 1979 and 1989 and to 2.5 per cent in 1999 to these policies. The decline in fertility rate from 7.7 children in 1979 to 6.7 in 1989, 5.4 in 1993 and 4.9 in 2003, and decline in ideal family size among married women from 4.4 children to 3.8 in 1998 and 3.7 in 2003 to the same developments. The maternal mortality rate declined from 590 in 1998 to 414 in 2000. The contraceptive prevalence rate increased from 27 per cent in 1989 to 33 per cent in 1993 and 39 per cent in 1998 for married women.