Trans Nzoia County Overview

Trans Nzoia County is found in Kenya’s former Rift Valley Province 380 km North West of Nairobi. It situated within on area of 2,495.5 km2 surrounded by the Republic of Uganda to the North West, Bungoma County to the West and South West, Kakamega County and Uasin Gishu County to the South East, Elgeyo Markwet County to the East and West Pokot County to the North.

This region lies between Mt. Elgon and Cherangany Hills approximately between latitudes 00° 52´ and 10° 18´ north of the equator and longitudes 340° 38´ and 350° 23´ east of the great Meridian.

Major Towns in Trans Nzoia County

Kitale town is the largest commercial city and the administrative capital of the county. Other major towns include Kiminini, Sibanga, Maili Saba, Endebess, and Saboti.

History of Trans Nzoia County

Prior to the promulgation of the Kenya Constitution on the 27th August 2010, the present day Trans Nzoia County was administered as Trans Nzoia District under the Provincial Administration system. The district was established by the British colonial government in the early 20th century. With the promulgation of the Constitution, the Provincial system of administration was restructured as Kenya embraced a devolved system of governance.

People of Trans Nzoia County

The County is home to about 818757 people, 50% being male and 50% female as per 2009 census. The county has cosmopolitan setting, with Luhya, Kalenjin, Sabaot (Elgon Maasai) and Kikuyu being the main resident communities.

Trans Nzoia County Constituencies

The county is divided into five constituencies that double up as sub-counties. The constituencies/sub-counties are further divided into smaller electoral units called wards. The constituencies include:

  1. Cherangany constituency
  2. Saboti constituency
  3. Kwanza constituency
  4. Kiminini constituency
  5. Endebess constituency

Climate and Weather of Trans Nzoia County

Trans Nzoia has a cool and temperate climate with average annual temperatures ranging between a minimum of 10°C to a maximum of 27°C. The county receives annual precipitation ranging between 1000 and 1200mm, with the wettest months being experienced between April and October.

Economic Activities in Trans Nzoia County

The arable land in the county makes agriculture the main economic activity. Maize farming is widely practised, and mostly at a commercial level. Tea, coffee, horticulture and commercial businesses are also very significant to the county’s economy. There’s dairy farming and tourism – owing to an array of touring sites within the county. A number of companies such as Kenya seed company, Western Seed Company, K.C.C and various government institutions provide employment to many people living in the urban centers.

Hospitals in Trans Nzoia County

There are about 78 health institutions in the County – 2 District Hospitals, 2 Sub-District Hospitals and 33 Dispensaries. The county has 7 health centers, 28 medical clinics and about 6 nursing homes. Some of the health facilities in the county include Kitale District Hospital and Kapsara District Hospital.

Education in Trans Nzoia County

There are 470 primary schools and 120 secondary schools in the region. Trans Nzoia also has over 20 tertiary institutions, including a university campus, a nursing training college, a teachers’ training college, farmers training institute, youth polytechnic and a number of commercial colleges.

Financial Institutions in Trans Nzoia County

Some of the banks found in the county include Barclays Bank, Diamond Trust Bank, Cooperative Bank, Standard Chattered Bank, Kenya Commercial Bank (K.C.B), National Bank of Kenya and Equity Bank. There are also other several microfinance institutions in the county including Faulu and SMEP (Small and Micro-Enterprise Programme).

Notable Personalities in Trans Nzoia County

Some of the renowned personalities who hail from Trans Nzoia include the former Vice President Michael Kijana Wamalwa, Milcah Chemos, a commonwealth games’ champion and Wesley Korir, a long distance runner who is also an elected Member of Parliament.

Tourist Attractions in Trans Nzoia County

The major tourist attraction sites in the county include the Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Kitale Nature Conservancy and Saiwa Swamp National Park.

Accommodation and Hotels in Trans Nzoia County

Some of the best accommodation facilities in the region include Skynest County Hotel, The Alakara Hotel, Vision Gate Hotel, Mid Africa Hotel, Park Villa Hotel, Kitale Highview Hotel, Trans-Nzoia County Resort.

Kitale Museum

Category: Tourist Attractions in Trans Nzoia County

Kitale Museum was the first of the Inland museums to be developed in Kenya. It used to be known by the name the Stoneham Museum. It got its name from an amateur naturalist who lived in Kitale, by the name Lieutenant colonel Hugh Stoneham.

For more information visit: Kitale Museum

Mt. Elgon National Park

Mt. Elgon National Park
Mt. Elgon National Park

Category: Tourist Attractions in Trans Nzoia County

Mount Elgon National Park is 196km square park, 420km from Nairobi on the western border of Kenya and Uganda in Trans-Nzoia county. Mt Elgon, a volcanic mountain, is one of Kenya’s most beautiful parks, still wild and intact, with vast areas of untouched forest

For more information visit: Mt. Elgon National Park

Kitale Nature Conservancy

Category: Tourist Attractions in Trans Nzoia County

This conservancy is part of Mt Elgon and Cherangani hills ecosystem. This grasslands and woodlands used to be home of abundant wildlife that were wiped out through hunting. Its effort now reveal a host of Kongoni, Sitatunga, Bongo, Black Rhino, elephants, Reed Buck and Rothschild giraffes.

Kitale Nature Conservancy
Attraction Type: Wildlife
Category: Wildlife Conservancy
Region: North Rift
City / Town: Kitale
Road / Street: Kitale road
Telephone: 254 20 202 9621
Entrance Fee: Yes

 Saiwa Swamp National Park.

Category: Tourist Attractions in Trans Nzoia County

Rippling quiet waters meander beneath the boardwalk amidst rustling reeds and bulrushes, as a glimpse of the  sleek Sitatunga antelope catches you by surprise. Sounds of nature fill the air as the rare De Brazza’s monkey rattles a branch and birds swirl in flight.

For more information visit: Saiwa Swamp National Park

Trans Nzoia County Jobs

Job opportunities for all qualified personnel and those who would wish to work with the County government of Trans Nzoia are posted on the county website.

Jobs in Trans Nzoia County are awarded on a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country.

To access these jobs click on the link: Trans Nzoia County Jobs for the latest job opportunities in the county.

Trans Nzoia County Tenders

Tenders in the county of Trans Nzoia are awarded on a free, fair and transparency manner in the need to fight corruption in the country. To access these tenders in the county click the link: for the latest tender opportunities in the county.

Facts and Figures about Trans Nzoia County

Area (Km 2): 2,495.5 Km 2
Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10°C to a mean maximum of 37°C, with average rainfall amounts of 11,200mm per annum.
Road Network: Bitumen Surface (59.2 Km), Gravel Surface (135 Km), Earth Surface (306.5 Km)
Key National Monument(s): Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Saiwa Swamp National Park
Population: 818,757 (Male – 50 %, Female – 50 %)
Population Density: 328 people per Km2

Trans Nzoia County Map

Trans Nzoia County Map
Trans Nzoia County Map

Trans Nzoia County Government Contacts

Physical Location: County Assembly Building
Postal Address: P.O. Box 4211-30200, Kitale.
Telephone: (054)30301 and (054)30302

Trans Nzoia County Video