Water Pollution in Kenya Description
Water Pollution in Kenya: Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. Water Pollution in Kenya occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.
Water Pollution in Kenya – Groundwater can be contaminated through various sources, some listed below:
Pesticides: Run off from farms, backyards, and golf courses contain DDT that in turn contaminate the water. Leachate, the rainwater which becomes contaminated as it seeps through a coal pile, mine tailings or landfill can pose a significant threat to aquifers, rivers, lakes and watersheds if left untreated. These chemicals will travel through runoff water and end up contaminating our soil. Excessive use of fertilizers cause nitrate contamination of groundwater which is far above safely levels recommended.
Sewage: Untreated or inadequately treated municipal sewage is a major source of groundwater and surface Water Pollution in Kenya in the developing countries. Sewage carries microbial pathogens that are the cause of the spread and disease.
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Nutrients: Domestic waste water, agricultural run-off, and other activities that increase the levels of nutrients in water bodies can cause eutrophication. Good agricultural practices can help reduce the amount of nitrates in the soil which will reduce the amount in the water.
Synthetic Organics: In recent years, these synthetic compounds have been showing up more than ever in the aquatic environment. This affects the whole food chain and even humans who eat seafood.
Effects of Water Pollution in Kenya
You will notice in the previous pages that Water Pollution in Kenya is very harmful to humans, animals and water life. The effects can be catastrophic, depending on the kind of chemicals, concentrations of the pollutants and where there are polluted. Below, we shall see a summary of the effects of Water Pollution in Kenya.
The effects of Water Pollution in Kenya are varied and depend on what chemicals are dumped and in what locations.
Many water bodies near urban areas (cities and towns) are highly polluted. This is the result of both garbage dumped by individuals and dangerous chemicals legally or illegally dumped by manufacturing industries, health centers, schools and market places.
Water Pollution in Kenya – Death of aquatic animals
The main problem caused by Water Pollution in Kenya is that it kills life that depends on these water bodies. Dead fish, crabs, birds and sea gulls, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches, killed by pollutants in their habitat (living environment).
Water Pollution in Kenya – Disruption of food-chains
Pollution disrupts the natural food chain as well. Pollutants such as lead and cadmium are eaten by tiny animals. Later, these animals are consumed by fish and shellfish, and the food chain continues to be disrupted at all higher levels.
Water Pollution in Kenya – Diseases
Eventually, humans are affected by this process as well. People can get diseases such as hepatitis by eating seafood that has been poisoned. In many poor nations, there is always outbreak of cholera and diseases as a result of poor drinking water treatment from contaminated waters.
Water Pollution in Kenya – Destruction of ecosystems
Ecosystems (the interaction of living things in a place, depending on each other for life) can be severely changed or destroyed by water pollution. Many areas are now being affected by careless human pollution and this pollution is coming back to hurt humans in many ways.
Water Pollution in Kenya: Kenya Water Crisis
The “water crisis is the current struggle that country faces to supply clean water to its population. The human population depends heavily on water resources, not only as a drinking water but also for crops, agriculture and livestock Farming in Kenya and fish Farming in Kenya. For example, wetland grasses are used to feed and keep livestock.
Human populations throughout Kenya have been affected by a lack of clean drinking water due in large part to the overuse of land and increases in community settlements. A specific example of this is in the Mau Forest, in the highlands of Kenya, that is a major watershed for the country. In the Mau Complex individuals have used land for their personal gain, creating homes and farms at the expense of the natural biodiversity.