Lake Bogoria Destination Guide
Lake Bogoria is a located in the northern Kenyan Rift Valley. Lake Bogoria is famous for the pink flamingoes which are found in large numbers. Geothermal activity in the form of hot springs and geysers are located on the western shore. Lake Bogoria has the largest number of geysers in Africa.
Lake Bogoria is the heart of an arid landscape, in the shadow of the dramatic walls of the Siracho Range. The soda waters of the lake attract massive flocks of Flamingo, and the lake is often carpeted with pink.
The 32 sq km lake is still volcanically active, and the Western shore is lined with spouting geysers, spurting steam and bubbling geothermal pools. Fresh water springs at the lake edge attract an abundance of birds and wildlife.
There are many Fish Eagles, which often prey on the local flamingos.
The shores are always lined with Gazelle, Zebra, Baboons and this is one of the best places to see Greater Kudu…
About Lake Bogoria
Lake Bogoria is a saline water shallow located at the northern region of the Kenyan Rift, 25 km south of Lake Baringo. The reserve, managed by Baringo/Koibatek County, comprises the lake and adjacent lands, with 107 km². In the Colony days the lake was known by the name of its discoverer, the Kampala bishop James Hannington, who in 1885 was the first European to see this place while he was heading for his diocese following Thomson’s route. This would be the glory day for the priest, but also his last journey, since upon reaching Lake Victoria he was murdered by order of the cruel king of Buganda, Mwanga II.
If Baringo is increasingly attracting more visitors because of its plentiful birdlife, Lake Bogoria is, or at least it was until few years ago, a place where the visitor can enjoy the spectacular African scenery in full solitude. Except for ornithology lovers, who don’t forgive the pilgrimage to Baringo, this region is quite off the most common itineraries, specially the one-weekers. The reason is that Lake Bogoria is far from outstanding for its mammals’ wildlife, the paramount objective for most tourists.
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Still, the scenery at Lake Bogoria makes it one of the most spectacular sights in the whole Kenya. J.W. Gregory, the English geologist who travelled the region in 1892, blessed the site as “the most beautiful view in Africa”. He wasn’t off track. The lake displays a superb scenery of bluish hills populated with dry bush, grasslands and riverine forests, framing the calm water shallow pinned with flamingoes. Beyond the eastern shore, the soil rises abruptly to 600 m in the Laikipia Escarpment. At the opposite edge, the earth forms strangely coloured swampy crusts, which break up in deep gaps spitting stinky sulphur waters and steam jets. The close-up geysers, the pink brushstrokes of the flamingoes on the lake, and farther away the dramatic backdrop of the Laikipia Escarpment, everything in Bogoria conveys an unrivalled scenery. But watch out, don’t get too close, the signposts warning “Stop – danger zone – go back” are serious: the earth collapses under your feet and underneath there is boiling water.
However, Bogoria is not only flamingos. Among the various mammals to be found here, keen wildlife fans will appreciate the unparalleled value of being the most accessible place in all the country where you have the chance to spot the majestic greater kudu.
Lake Bogoria Chemistry
The water contains sodium, carbonate and bicarbonate ions, with a pH of 9.5 to 10.5. The lake chemically stratified, even though it has a depth of only 12 m. The surface layer has a salinity of 60 g/l TDS, and the bottom layer of brine with a salinity of about 90 g/l TDS.
The surface water is periodically oxygenated by dilute inflow, whereas the bottom waters remain anoxic. More than a million flamingoes have been
recorded on the 36 sq km lake.
The largest earthquake in the Kenyan Rift (magnitude 6.0) occurred 25 km from Lake Bogoria.
Geothermal Activity at Lake Bogoria
Lake Bogoria has the most spectacular geothermal activity in Kenya. Most springs occur along fault lines. Many boil constantly, and some show periodic geyser-like eruptions. The spring waters are sodium bicarbonate, with total dissolved solids of 26 g/L TDS, and pH of 7.1 to 9.9. The fumaroles discharge steam, C02, and minor H2S and CH4.