Adult Education in Kenya
Adult education in Kenya includes all forms of organised education and training that meet basic learning needs of adults. It includes literacy and numeracy instruction as well as general knowledge, skills, values and attitudes that adults require to survive, develop their capacity, live and work in dignity.
Adult Education in Kenya – Age
Adult education in Kenya covers people aged 15 and above and the basic aim is to provide literacy and survival skills to youths and older people who may have missed out on formal education. The need to provide adult education was recognised after independence. In 1979, the Department of Adult Education was established to spearhead a national literacy programme that led to recruitment of adult education teachers and officers and establishment of literacy class centres in most parts of the country.
Adult Education in Kenya – Curriculum
The Government has also developed a post-literacy curriculum and an accelerated curriculum for those wishing to re-enter the formal system of education i.e. adult education.
Although, adult education in Kenya is characteristically regarded as the backwater of Kenya’s education, the last ﬁve years saw a gradual increase in enrolment from about 250,000 adult learners to 291,000 in 2012. The sector recorded an increase of 4.6 per cent nationally from 278,000 learners in 2011 to 291,000 in 2012.
Rift Valley recorded the highest number of adult learners at 73,300 while Nairobi had the least number of 12,305 adult learners according to the last survey.
More women than men enrolled for adult education classes in all the regions except in the North Eastern.
Subsequently, there was a considerable increase in both female and male private registered candidates for the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE), except for Central region which had a decline of about 40 per cent in the recent years.
Non-Formal Education in Kenya
Non-formal Education is any organised system of learning outside the formal education system. In Kenya, it addresses the learning needs of groups in the population who may be children or adults.
In 2008, 161,231 pupils were enrolled in 2008 centres across the country. However, 20 per cent of the non-formal education centres are in Nairobi slums areas. The rest are in ASAL districts. They include 55 mobile schools that receive government grants in form of textbooks, teachers and school feeding programmes.
Most centres are managed by NGOs, local authorities, religious organisations and communities. In addition to providing free primary education in formal schools, the Government also gives grants to non-formal schools for teaching and learning materials. Funds have also been provided to improve infra-structure. About 200 non-formal schools in urban slums receive the grants. It is also notable that non-for-mal mobile schools in ASAL areas also receive the grants.