National Goals of Education in Kenya: Kenya uses aims, goals and objectives in educational planning. The national goals of education in Kenya are derived from the general aims of education. General aims being broad and often abstract in their expression are unable to offer particular achievements within specified time limits therefore are used to offer general guidance on educational intention and to guide the formulation of educational goals. Due to their significance in offering specific direction, Kenya has kept reviewing its goals of education to suit her prevailing circumstances.
National Goals of Education in Kenya
At independence in 1963, Kenya inherited a system of education that had been designed in colonial times to suit the needs of the colonial administration. The new government found it necessary to revise the whole school curriculum and state clearly the national goals of education in an independent state. This important task was first undertaken by the Kenya Education commission in 1964 which became the well-known Ominde Report. It outlined six National Goals of Education which the educational system was expected to fulfill.
These goals were later revised and as explained by the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE, 2002), they are as follows:
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Education in Kenya should:
1. Goals of Education in Kenya: Foster nationalism, patriotism and promote national unity
Kenya’s people belong to different communities, races and religions, but these differences need not divide them. They must be able to live and interact as Kenyans. It is a paramount duty of education to help the youth acquire this sense of nationhood by removing conflicts and by promoting positive attitudes of mutual respect, which enable them to live together in harmony, and foster patriotism in order to make a positive contribution to the life of the nation.
2. Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote social, economical, technological and industrial needs for national development
Education should prepare the youth of the country to play an effective and productive role in the life of the nation.
a) Social Needs
Education in Kenya must prepare children for the changes in attitudes and relationships , which are necessary for the smooth progress of a rapidly developing economy. There is bound to be a silent social revolution following in the wake of rapid modernization. Education should assist our youth to adapt to this change.
b) Economic Needs
Education in Kenya should produce citizens with skills, knowledge, expertise and personal qualities that are required to support a growing economy. Kenya is building up a modem and independent economy, which is need of adequate domestic manpower.
c) Technological and Industrial Needs
Education in Kenya should provide the learners with the necessary skills and attitudes for industrial development. Kenya recognises the rapid industrial and technological changes taking place, especially in the developed world.
We can only be part of this development if our education system deliberately focused on knowledge, skills and attitudes that will prepare the youth for these changing global trends.
3. National Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote individual development and self- fulfillment
Education should provide opportunities for the fullest development of individual talents and personality. It should assist children to develop their potential, interests and abilities. A vital aspect of individual development is character building.
4. Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote sound moral and religious values
Education should provide for the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes that will enhance acquisition of sound moral values and help children to grow up into self-disciplined, self-reliant and integrated citizens.
5. Objectives of Education in Kenya: Promote social equality and responsibility
Education should promote social equality and foster a sense of social responsibility within an education system which provides equal educational opportunities for all. It should give all children varied and challenging opportunities for collective and corporate social services irrespective of gender, ability or geographical environment.
6. Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote respect for and development of Kenya’s rich and varied cultures
Education should instill in the youth of Kenya an understanding of past and present cultures and their valid place in contemporary society. The children should be able to blend the best of traditional values with the changed requirements that follow rapid development in order to build a stable and modem society.
7. Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote international consciousness and foster positive attitudes towards other nations
Kenya is part of the international community. It is a part of the complicated and interdependent network of peoples and nations. Education should therefore lead the youth of the country to accept membership in this international community with all the obligations, responsibilities, rights and benefits that this membership entails.
8. Goals of Education in Kenya: Promote positive attitudes towards good health and environmental protection
Education should inculcate in the youth the value of good health in order to avoid indulging in activities that will lead to physical or mental ill health. It should foster positive attitudes towards environmental development and conservation. It should lead the youth to appreciate the need for a healthy environment.