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Geography of Kenya


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Geography of Kenya Description

Geography of Kenya – At 224,961 square miles (582,646 km²), Kenya is the world’s forty-seventh largest country. From the coast on the Indian Ocean the Low plains rise to central highlands.

The Kenyan highlands are bisected by the Great Rift Valley; a fertile plateau in the east. The Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa. The highlands are the site of the highest point in Kenya (and the second highest in Africa):

Mount Kenya, which reaches 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) and is also the site of glaciers. Climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the interior. Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m – 19,341 ft) can be seen from Kenya to the South of the Tanzanian border.

Kenya has considerable land area of wildlife habitat, including the Masai Mara, where Blue Wildebeest and other bovids participate in a large scale annual migration. Up to 250,000 blue wildebeest perish each year in the long and arduous movement to find forage in the dry season.[citation needed] The “Big Five” animals of Africa can also be found in Kenya: the lion, leopard, buffalo, rhinoceros and elephant. A significant population of other wild animals, reptiles and birds can be found in the national parks and game reserves in the country. The environment of Kenya is threatened by high population growth and its side effects.

The annual animal migration – especially migration of the wildebeest – occurs between June and September with millions of animals taking part. It has been a popular event for filmmakers to capture.

Geography of Kenya Question:

What are the geographical facts about Kenya?

Answer:

Location:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 38 00 E

Area:
Total: 580,367 sq km

Country comparison to the world: 48

Land: 569,140 sq km

Water: 11,227 sq km

Area – comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

Land boundaries:
Total: 3,477 km

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Border countries:
Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

Coastline:
536 km

Maritime claims:
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior

Terrain:
Low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Elevation extremes:
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

Natural resources:
Limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower

Land use:
arable land: 8.01%
permanent crops: 0.97%
other: 91.02% (2005)

Irrigated land:
1,030 sq km (2008)

Total renewable water resources:
30.2 cu km (1990)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
Total: 1.58 cu km/yr (30%/6%/64%)
Per capita: 46 cu m/yr (2000)

Natural hazards:
Recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
Volcanism: Kenya experiences limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (elev. 1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano

Environment – current issues:
water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

Environment – international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography of Kenya: Geography – Note:
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa’s second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1 00 N, 38 00 E
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
#MapName#
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 580,367 sq km

country comparison to the world: 48

land: 569,140 sq km
water: 11,227 sq km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 3,477 km
border countries: Ethiopia 861 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
536 km
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Geography of Kenya: Elevation extremes:
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Geography of Kenya: Land use:
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
arable land: 8.01%
permanent crops: 0.97%
other: 91.02% (2005)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
1,030 sq km (2008)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
30.2 cu km (1990)
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
total: 1.58 cu km/yr (30%/6%/64%)
per capita: 46 cu m/yr (2000)
Geography of Kenya: Natural hazards:
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
recurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
volcanism: Kenya experiences limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (elev. 1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography of Kenya: Geography – note:
Field info displayed for all countries in alpha order.
the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa’s second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value


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